EFFECTS OF DROP-OUT IN THE PHILIPPINE ECONOMY
MA. LUZ C. FERNANDEZ
“Education is the key to success” is a universally acknowledged statement. It has been documented for how long as someone can remember that a strong human resource base is critical to attain high productivity and economic progress for all. Therefore, the government must pay high attention to the status of education in our country. But it seems like, education is being looked out. Drop-out rate and the number of out-of-school youth grows continuously over the past years.
According to National Statistical Coordination Board, one in six school-agechildren is deprived of education. And aside from that, enrollment rate in secondary education is steady at only 59%. In lined with these, is the question, "what will serve our country's table in the forthcoming years?"
Education has a great effect on the development of a country. And this appears to be the fact our government lost sight with. Other countries have already realized the effect of a high dropout rate to their economy, but in the Philippines, there has no data yet which can tell how much is being lost in terms of peso value.
Low education in a country results to a low tax revenue. As the number of school non-completers increase, government's lost tax revenue from a productive and competitive population also increases. Because together with a low educational attainment, is a lost opportunity to get better jobs, thus, making most of the country's citizens minimum wage earners, who are tax exempted.
School non-completion increases criminality, teenage-pregnancy and even child labor. But above all these, is its bad effect on the growth of economy in a country. On investing, business investors also consider the educational achievement of a community, and with the current status of education in our country, we didn't even reach the first requirement. No company will ever dare to gamble in a society with poor workforce or weak human resource.
In the coming years, it is an assurance that most of the jobs which will be offered would be high-technology. Companies will need higher number of employees, but how can we suffice that, if great number of Filipinos didn't even finish el em en t ar y?
All past administrations cannot deny their negligence with regard to the education in our country. It is true that it's one's choice whether to enter school or not. But what if the choices are to earn and live or to study and die in hunger? Former will always prevail. Yes, it should be an action from people and different departments, but the greatest effort must be coming from the government. The government has the responsibility of bringing the players on the board.
The author is Teacher III at San Pedro Elementary School, City of San