Long work hours may hike women’s di­a­betes risk by 70%, says study

Gulf Times Community - - LIFESTYLE/HOROSCOPE -

Women who work for 45 hours or more a week may be as­so­ci­ated with nearly 70 per cent in­creased risk of di­a­betes as com­pared to men or women who worked for 30 to 40 hours a week, a study has found. Longer-work­ing men how­ever, did not face this risk.

While it is an ob­ser­va­tional study, the re­searchers noted, that the rea­son may be be­cause women might work longer hours, when all the house­hold chores and fam­ily re­spon­si­bil­i­ties are taken into ac­count, the re­searchers said.

Long work­ing hours might also prompt a chronic stress re­sponse in the body, so in­creas­ing the risk of hor­monal ab­nor­mal­i­ties and in­sulin re­sis­tance.

In­ter­est­ingly, the length of the work­ing week wasn’t as­so­ci­ated with a height­ened risk of the dis­ease among men. If any­thing, the in­ci­dence of di­a­betes tended to fall, the longer a man’s work­ing week was, the re­sults showed.

“Con­sid­er­ing the rapid and sub­stan­tial in­crease of di­a­betes preva­lence world­wide, iden­ti­fy­ing mod­i­fi­able risk fac­tors such as long work hours is of ma­jor im­por­tance to im­prove preven­tion and ori­ent pol­icy mak­ing, as it could pre­vent nu­mer­ous cases of di­a­betes and di­a­betes re­lated chronic dis­eases,” said the team

in­clud­ing Ma­hee Gilbert-Ouimet from the Re­search Cen­ter of the Que­bec Univer­sity Hos­pi­tal - Laval Univer­sity, in Canada.

For the study, pub­lished in the jour­nal BMJ Open Di­a­betes Re­search

and Care, the re­searchers tracked the health data of 7,065 work­ers aged be­tween 35 and 74 years for a pe­riod of 12 years.

Based on weekly work­ing paid and unpaid hours, the par­tic­i­pants’ were grouped into four time bands: 15-34 hours; 35-40 hours; 41-44 hours; and 45 or more hours.

The re­sults showed that over­work­ing among women was as­so­ci­ated with 63 per cent of higher risk of di­a­betes among women whereas in­ci­dence of di­a­betes in men was found mainly among older age groups, and those who were obese.

Global es­ti­mates in­di­cate that 439 mil­lion adults will be liv­ing with di­a­betes by 2030 — an in­crease of 50 per cent on the fig­ures for 2010. In 2015 alone, di­a­betes cost the global econ­omy $1.31 tril­lion. — IANS

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