A Pug’s Life

Anatom­i­cally speak­ing, Pugs do not pos­sess the best bod­ily struc­tures, their larger-than lifeat­ti­tude how­ever makes them great com­pan­ions

Clubpets - - THE KENNEL -

Did you know, Pugs were Queen Vic­to­ria’s favourite breed? In fact, the Queen had owned as many as thirty-eight Pugs – so much that at one point, it would have been a grum­ble (read: a grum­ble is an of­fi­cial term for a group of Pugs).

It was said that Pugs were brought from China to the rest of the world by Dutch traders in the

15th Cen­tury. Ru­mour has it that a Pug, by the name of Pom­pey, had once saved the life of Wil­liam the Silent dur­ing the Eighty

Years’ War be­tween the Dutch and the Span­ish. The Span­ish had at­tempted to as­sas­si­nate the Prince, but their plan was foiled af­ter Pom­pey was alerted of the as­sas­sins’pres­ence and barked at them fu­ri­ously.

While there used to be two dis­tinct strains of breed­ing lines, specif­i­cally the Mor­ri­son Pugs and the Willoughby Pugs (named af­ter each of their breed­ers), the dis­tinc­tion be­tween the two even­tu­ally faded. Dis­tinct char­ac­ter­is­tics of a Pug in­clude a short muz­zle, huge dark pro­trud­ing eyes, a down-turned mouth, and a com­pact body with a curled tail. From time to time, peo­ple may re­fer to some Pugs which are taller, thin­ner, and length­ier, as the Vic­to­rian-like Pug.

Pugs are usu­ally fawn-coloured, or black, and are dou­ble-coated even though their coats are short. That said, own­ers and fam­ily mem­bers who are asth­matic or have al­ler­gies should be aware that Pugs tend to shed eas­ily. Reg­u­lar brush­ing is needed to re­duce the shed­ding and a monthly bath is rec­om­mended. A par­tic­u­lar area to note is that a Pug’s fa­cial wrin­kles are hot­beds for in­fec­tion, so be sure to dry them thor­oughly, es­pe­cially af­ter baths. Own­ers should also pay at­ten­tion as to not ir­ri­tate their Pug’s bulging eyes from soap or other chem­i­cals.

The Latin phrase, mul­tum in parvo (lit­er­ally trans­lat­ing to “a lot in a lit­tle pack­age”) is said to be a Pug’s motto.with their unique, quirky, and ex­citable per­son­al­ity, Pugs are per­fect com­pan­ions who en­joy and chill­ing with their own­ers, as long as they are given cud­dles and belly rubs. For pet own­ers who are more into ac­tiv­i­ties, rest as­sured that Pugs, be­ing gen­er­ally quite adapt­able, will en­joy join­ing you in some out­door fun.while Pugs do get along well with chil­dren, own­ers are ad­vised to keep an eye on their furkid as their eyes are prone to in­jury, such as be­ing ac­ci­den­tally brushed against or poked by chil­dren’s fin­gers.

It was re­cently dis­cov­ered that a ge­netic mu­ta­tion that sup­presses the gene SMO2, which in­flu­ences the devel­op­ment of the skull, may be the cause of brachy­cephaly (hav­ing a broad, short skull). While we find the pug’s short muz­zle adorable, do bear in mind that Pugs (and other brachy­cephalic dogs such as Shih Tzu or English Bull­dog) are prone to res­pi­ra­tory is­sues.

Ac­cord­ing to The Ken­nel Club, a UK or­gan­i­sa­tion that seeks to pro­mote health and wel­fare of dogs, Pugs cur­rently be­long within Cat­e­gory Three of Breed Watch (the “Cat­e­gory Three Breed”). Cat­e­gory Three Breed dogs are more prone to de­vel­op­ing spe­cific health con­di­tions re­lat­ing to their over­all struc­ture and ap­pear­ance. In par­tic­u­lar, it is warned that Pugs are sus­cep­ti­ble to health is­sues in­clud­ing un­sound move­ment, sore eyes due to poor eye­lid con­for­ma­tion, is­sues with be­ing over­weight, and hair loss.

With their ea­ger-to-please per­son­al­i­ties, own­ers typ­i­cally do not face sig­nif­i­cant is­sues in train­ing Pugs.while it is noted that Pugs gen­er­ally re­spond bet­ter to positive re­in­force­ment than neg­a­tive, own­ers should be aware that each dog is unique and have dif­fer­ing per­son­al­i­ties. There­fore, train­ing meth­ods should be tai­lored specif­i­cally to the per­son­al­ity of your furry friend.

“With their ea­ger-toplease per­son­al­i­ties, own­ers typ­i­cally do not face sig­nif­i­cant is­sues in train­ing Pugs.”

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