Le lo­cle

MVMT - - Technique -

La Chaux-de-fonds’ neigh­bour, Le Lo­cle, just a few kilo­me­tres away, is con­sid­ered to be where the in­dus­try started in Switzer­land. Made fa­mous by Daniel Jean­richard, a self-taught watch­maker who turned the busi­ness of watch­mak­ing from a winter cot­tage in­dus­try for farm­ers into a full in­dus­try, Le Lo­cle is home to nu­mer­ous big names as well. Mont­blanc, Zenith, Tis­sot, Ulysse Nardin are all based here. The world’s most no­table watch mu­seum, the Musee d’hor­logerie du Lo­cle also sits within the city. This city was also rav­aged by fire, but in the 19th cen­tury re­designed it­self into a city-fac­tory setup. Le Lo­cle is sig­nif­i­cant be­cause it was where Daniel Jean­richard es­tab­lished the con­cept of the ver­ti­calised man­u­fac­ture, where case-mak­ers, move­ment as­sem­blers and other crafts­men all came un­der one roof. This would later find it­self repli­cated by other com­pa­nies and rad­i­cally change the way guilds and watch­mak­ing firms worked to­gether.

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