Providing sustainable solutions against disasters
Resilient nations should leverage technology in the face of disasters brought by climate change.
When Japan was hit by the strongest earthquake ever recorded in the country’s history in March 2011, Tohoku University Professor Shunichi Koshimura was in Tokyo Station, waiting for a next bullet train toward his home town Sendai at the moment of the 9.1 magnitude quake. A tsunami warning was raised by the Japan Meteorological Agency three minutes after the earthquake was triggered, and an hour after the devastating earthquake, waves of up to 30 feet high hit the Japanese coast, sweeping away cars and infrastructures, including nuclear reactors and power plants in Fukushima, about
140 miles or 230 kilometres from Tokyo. Over 18,000 people were confirmed dead or missing, according to Japan’s Fire and Disaster Management Agency.
“I was very nervous and very concerned about my family and friends and everything around myself. So I decided to get out of Tokyo Station and get a rental car and drive all the way to Sendai, spending 18 hours on the road,” he said. “The tsunami warning was issued, but I have no idea what’s really going on or how extensive the damage is.”
Koshimura, who teaches civil engineering, particularly in coastal engineering, and has expertise in tsunami modelling using computer simulation, talked about his experience, insights, and motivation to
Singapore Business Review about how his personal experience in 2011 led him to leverage the development of technology in providing more reliable tsunami inundation forecast information to his native country, Japan, and how these technologies can be transferred to other countries.
Technology versus threats
This heightened focus on leveraging technology to combat vulnerability and threats come at a time when countries, are also becoming more vulnerable to the effects of climate change and extreme weather events. According to the United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction, economic losses caused by climate-related disasters have soared over the past two decades, with $2.25t. For the 2011 earthquake and tsunami alone, Japan is estimated to have lost over $300b or about 6% of the country’s total gross domestic product in 2010. This is not mentioning the thousands of lives lost from these natural disasters globally that could have been prevented if there were enough informationdriven, technology-based solutions in place.
Post-disaster tech-based solutions
Technology can be extremely helpful in all phases of a disaster, from preparation to dealing with the aftermath and helping people and affected areas in recovery and rehabilitation. This is the case for WOTA, a technology firm that is trying to leverage technology, artificial intelligence, and big data to optimise water treatment process. Water is one of the most important things that people need, not just in post-disaster situations, but also in everyday life. Speaking to Singapore Business Review on the sidelines of the Building Resilient Nations and Businesses event in Singapore, WOTA chief executive officer Riki Kitagawa cited the experience of the 2011 earthquake and tsunami in Japan, where water became a serious issue for survival and sustainability of life and businesses in the affected area.
“One of the big issues is that all the water treatment plants along the coast were inundated with water, so [they’re] contaminated,” he said. “For over a year, until all of them recovered even temporarily, water was not being treated and it was being dumped in the ocean so there’s a lot of issues about pollution on the coast. We help by providing clean water to disaster-affected areas by deploying these units. But at the same time, we treat the wastewater so we’re not draining that into the environment.”
Technology plays a big part in WOTA’S operations and outreach, given that it allows the company to scale up at a more impactful range, whilst also providing a stark possibility of replicating the technology and know-how to other countries, particularly the most vulnerable who are also considered as developing nations.
Kitagawa noted that countries like Indonesia and the Philippines, two of the most vulnerable countries to climate-related disasters, can implement WOTA’S technology without the costly price tag because the company doesn’t require too much overhead given that majority of the process is automated through artificial intelligence and sensor systems, although people have to know how to use the systems.
“Having AI is not just for automating everything. It’s also providing a way for users to learn about water and its infrastructure and how it is treated,” he said. “Individuals should actually think more about water and how their lives relate to it, the technology behind it, and how it would enable them to become more resilient in times of disasters.”
“Japan is estimated to have lost over $300b or about 6% of the country’s total gross domestic product in 2010.”
Threats vs Technology: The panel discussion was hosted by the Government of Japan in Singapore. Photo courtesy: Reuters Plus