Singapore Women's Weekly (Singapore) - - INSPIRE -

It may be tempt­ing to imag­ine that there is some magic pill to “fix” Type 2 di­a­betes, but diet and ex­er­cise will con­tinue to be the foun­da­tion for man­ag­ing di­a­betes and it re­ally does take dis­ci­pline. Some peo­ple need oral med­i­ca­tion or in­sulin.

If you want to pre­vent your­self from de­vel­op­ing Type 2 di­a­betes, you need to make sure your life­style works for you in the long-term, par­tic­u­larly if you are al­ready over­weight or you have a close rel­a­tive with Type 2 di­a­betes or other risk fac­tors.

Pre­ven­tion steps are sim­ple. They in­volve los­ing some weight and keep­ing it off with a re­duced-calo­rie diet, and be­ing phys­i­cally ac­tive ev­ery day. It is tempt­ing to think you can just deal with it if you de­velop di­a­betes, but the dam­age could start be­fore you know you have the dis­ease. Di­a­betes can cause stroke, heart dis­ease, foot ul­cers, eye prob­lems and kid­ney dis­ease. The longer you have di­a­betes, the more likely it is to af­fect your long-term health, so pre­vent­ing or even de­lay­ing its on­set as long as pos­si­ble will pre­serve your well-be­ing.

The lat­est di­etary “dis­cov­ery” is the ben­e­fit of in­ter­mit­tent fast­ing. There are sev­eral vari­a­tions like the 5:2 diet (restrict­ing calo­ries two days a week) or skip­ping meals. You will need ad­vice from your doc­tor and a di­eti­cian if you want to try this. This is, how­ever, not suit­able for peo­ple with Type 1 di­a­betes, or if you are on blood sugar-low­er­ing med­i­ca­tion or in­sulin.

The gut mi­cro­biome is an­other fas­ci­nat­ing area of in­ter­est, and stud­ies to learn more about how pro­bi­otics can help women with ges­ta­tional di­a­betes are still on­go­ing.

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