Embraer Ipanema Ag plane
On 3 March Embraer announced that its agricultural aviation division had sold 19 EMB-203 Ipanema single-seat aircraft in February, totalling 27 aircraft sold this year. This sales volume in the first two months of 2021 is already 8% higher than what was
The second consecutive month of high sales reflects the favourable performance of the Brazilian agribusiness and the technological innovations incorporated in the new version of the Ipanema aircraft. Agricultural crop-dusting services has been leading the market demand this year. Although the demand for Ipanema remains more intense in the Midwest, the main agricultural hub in Brazil, the pace of sales this year has also been increasing in other regions in the country.
With almost 1,500 units delivered, Ipanema is the leader in the agricultural segment with a 60% share of the Brazilian market. Its role in precision agriculture combines high technology and continuously evolves to meet the requirements of high productivity and low operating cost. The Ipanema 203, the most updated model in the series, has incorporated multiple improvements such new wing parts with different geometry and more resistant stainless-steel material. This solution postpones eventual wear and tear from the severe natural condition of field operations and maintenance expenses over the years. The advanced aerial sprayer also has a new design on the engine hood, with new air outlet grilles to ensure greater cooling.
Ipanema’s history begins in the late 1960s, when the Brazilian Ministry of Agriculture signed a contract with Embraer for serial production in the country of an agricultural aircraft, with the aim of modernising the sector by making new production techniques available. The aircraft initially appeared as a project for engineers from the Technological Institute of Aeronautics (ITA), in São José dos Campos (SP) and was tested for the first time at Fazenda Ipanema, in the municipality of Sorocaba (SP). In July 1970, Ipanema made its first flight and in 1972, it was commercially produced.
The most current version, the Ipanema 203, runs on renewable energy (ethanol) and was certified in 2015. The company’s alcohol-powered Ipanema received type certification to fly with this type of fuel, which is extracted from sugar cane, in October 2004 from the Brazilian certification authority Centro Técnico Aeroespacial (CTA). Neiva registered the name Aviation Alcohol (AvAlc) for use in Brazil. The choice for developing a crop duster fuelled by ethanol is due to the fact Brazil is a major producer of this type of fuel. Automobiles here have been using alcohol for more than 20 years. This model guarantees more agility, efficiency and productivity, in addition to the lowest operating cost in the category.
With its wingspan increased to 13.3 m and an improved wing profile, it allows a greater range of deposition of pesticides, reaching a 24-meter-wide track with scientifically proven quality.
The crop duster Ipanema was developed in the late 1960s with financing provided by the Brazilian Ministry of Agriculture. The Ipanema is a low-wing monoplane used to spray crops with fertilizers and pesticides and to spread seeds. The Ipanema made its first flight in July 1970 and was certified in the following year. The first model in the family was called EMB 200 and came out of the factory with a 260HP engine and a fixed pitch propeller. Series production started in 1972 at recently established Embraer.
The Ipanema was improved over the years to meet changing market requirements. In the 1970s and 1980s, it was equipped with a constant speed propeller, a more powerful 300HP engine and new wings. In March 1980, manufacture of the Ipanema was transferred to Indústria Aeronáutica Neiva, then recently acquired by Embraer. In March 1992, a new model called EMB 202 Ipanemão was introduced. The new EMB 202 Ipanemão has a 40 percent larger hopper than its predecessors and it is capable of carrying 950 litres or 750 kilograms of chemicals. Aerodynamic improvements make the new EMB 202 series a faster and more productive aircraft.
The EMB 202 was also the first agricultural aircraft in the world to offer the revolutionary electrostatic spray system as optional. This system is the latest in agricultural application technology and makes for more complete crop coverage. It also permits reduced chemical spray rates, providing higher operator productivity and savings for farmers. Mainly used in the spraying of fertilisers and pesticides, throughout the decades, Ipanema has avoided losses due to crushing of the crop and its ability to operate in regions with irregular terrain, allowing for greater flexibility. The aircraft is also used in seeding activities, vector and larvae control and river settlement.