City cuts car­bon emis­sions by 4.1%

Cape Times - - NEWS - Staff Writer

CAPE TOWN has re­duced its car­bon emis­sions by 4.1% as it ramps up cli­mate change mit­i­ga­tion ef­forts, ac­cord­ing to mayor Pa­tri­cia de Lille.

The re­duc­tion was made in the 2012 to 2015 pe­riod eval­u­ated, ac­cord­ing to the City’s lat­est State of the En­vi­ron­ment Re­port.

“This achieve­ment is tes­ta­ment to the City’s ef­forts to be a leader among a net­work of global cities (the C40 Cities ini­tia­tive) in­creas­ingly tak­ing ac­tion to re­duce their CO2 emis­sions and mit­i­gate the effects of cli­mate change,” said De Lille.

Transport is the big­gest con­trib­u­tor by sec­tor of car­bon emis­sions in the city, ac­count­ing for about 31% of all emis­sions, fol­lowed by 29% from the com­mer­cial sec­tor, 24% from res­i­den­tial and 12% from in­dus­trial sec­tors. Gov­ern­ment ac­counts for 3% of car­bon emis­sions and agri­cul­ture for 1%.

The City’s Re­port looked at both Cape Town’s car­bon emis­sions pro­file and its car­bon foot­print which was cal­cu­lated to be 5.1 tons of car­bon diox­ide equiv­a­lent.

Cape Town mea­sures its car­bon foot­print on an an­nual ba­sis with in-depth up­dates car­ried out ev­ery five years (based on the Cape Town State of En­ergy Re­port se­ries), and high-level up­dates ev­ery year in be­tween. The City re­ports emis­sions ac­cord­ing to the Global Pro­to­col for Com­mu­nity Scale Green­house Gas Emis­sions In­ven­to­ries to en­sure con­sis­tency of method­ol­ogy with global best prac­tice as well as trans­parency of data and as­sump­tions used.

De Lille said the re­duc­tion of car­bon emis­sions was largely due to a sig­nif­i­cant re­duc­tion in elec­tric­ity con­sump­tion, thanks in part to the City’s en­ergy ef­fi­ciency cam­paigns and the re­duced us­age by res­i­dents.

Key ef­forts the City has im­ple­mented in the past year in­cluded a R12.7 mil­lion grant agree­ment with the US Trade and Devel­op­ment Agency to fund a fea­si­bil­ity study on the use of nat­u­ral gas.

This may pro­vide a greater mix of en­ergy sources to off­set the use of fos­sil fu­els in pro­duc­ing elec­tric­ity, De Lille said.

Other ef­forts in­clude the City’s in­au­gu­ral R1 bil­lion green bond for cli­mate ac­tion projects and the City open­ing its land­fill gas flar­ing project that con­verts meth­ane gas.

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