City cuts carbon emissions by 4.1%
CAPE TOWN has reduced its carbon emissions by 4.1% as it ramps up climate change mitigation efforts, according to mayor Patricia de Lille.
The reduction was made in the 2012 to 2015 period evaluated, according to the City’s latest State of the Environment Report.
“This achievement is testament to the City’s efforts to be a leader among a network of global cities (the C40 Cities initiative) increasingly taking action to reduce their CO2 emissions and mitigate the effects of climate change,” said De Lille.
Transport is the biggest contributor by sector of carbon emissions in the city, accounting for about 31% of all emissions, followed by 29% from the commercial sector, 24% from residential and 12% from industrial sectors. Government accounts for 3% of carbon emissions and agriculture for 1%.
The City’s Report looked at both Cape Town’s carbon emissions profile and its carbon footprint which was calculated to be 5.1 tons of carbon dioxide equivalent.
Cape Town measures its carbon footprint on an annual basis with in-depth updates carried out every five years (based on the Cape Town State of Energy Report series), and high-level updates every year in between. The City reports emissions according to the Global Protocol for Community Scale Greenhouse Gas Emissions Inventories to ensure consistency of methodology with global best practice as well as transparency of data and assumptions used.
De Lille said the reduction of carbon emissions was largely due to a significant reduction in electricity consumption, thanks in part to the City’s energy efficiency campaigns and the reduced usage by residents.
Key efforts the City has implemented in the past year included a R12.7 million grant agreement with the US Trade and Development Agency to fund a feasibility study on the use of natural gas.
This may provide a greater mix of energy sources to offset the use of fossil fuels in producing electricity, De Lille said.
Other efforts include the City’s inaugural R1 billion green bond for climate action projects and the City opening its landfill gas flaring project that converts methane gas.