ON THIS DAY
1858 Napoleon III of France escapes an assassination attempt made by Felice Orsini and his accomplices in Paris.
1907 An earthquake in Kingston, Jamaica kills more than 1 000 people.
1911 Roald Amundsen’s South Pole expedition makes landfall on the eastern edge of the Ross Ice Shelf.
1943 World War II: Franklin D Roosevelt becomes the first president of the United States to travel by aeroplane while in office when he travels from Miami to Morocco to meet Winston Churchill.
1960 The Reserve Bank of Australia, the country’s central bank and banknote issuing authority, is established.
1967 Counterculture of the 1960s: The Human Be-In takes place in San Francisco, California’s Golden Gate Park, launching the Summer of Love.
1967 The New York Times reports that the US Army is conducting secret germ warfare experiments.
1969 USS Enterprise fire: An accidental explosion aboard the USS Enterprise near Hawaii kills 27 people.
1972 Queen Margrethe II of Denmark ascends the throne, the first Queen of Denmark since 1412 and the first Danish monarch not named Frederick or Christian since 1513.
1973 Elvis Presley’s concert Aloha from Hawaii is broadcast live via satellite, and sets the record as the most watched broadcast by an individual entertainer in television history.
1993 In Poland’s worst peacetime maritime disaster, ferry MS Jan Heweliusz sinks off the coast of Rügen, drowning 55 passengers and crew; nine crewmembers are saved.
2000 A United Nations tribunal sentences five Bosnian Croats to up to 25 years in prison for the 1993 killing of more than 100 Bosnian Muslims.