ON THIS DAY

Cape Times - - NATION -

1858 Napoleon III of France es­capes an as­sas­si­na­tion at­tempt made by Felice Orsini and his ac­com­plices in Paris.

1907 An earth­quake in Kingston, Ja­maica kills more than 1 000 peo­ple.

1911 Roald Amund­sen’s South Pole ex­pe­di­tion makes land­fall on the east­ern edge of the Ross Ice Shelf.

1943 World War II: Franklin D Roo­sevelt be­comes the first pres­i­dent of the United States to travel by aero­plane while in of­fice when he trav­els from Mi­ami to Mo­rocco to meet Win­ston Churchill.

1960 The Re­serve Bank of Aus­tralia, the coun­try’s cen­tral bank and ban­knote is­su­ing au­thor­ity, is es­tab­lished.

1967 Coun­ter­cul­ture of the 1960s: The Hu­man Be-In takes place in San Fran­cisco, Cal­i­for­nia’s Golden Gate Park, launch­ing the Sum­mer of Love.

1967 The New York Times re­ports that the US Army is con­duct­ing se­cret germ war­fare ex­per­i­ments.

1969 USS En­ter­prise fire: An ac­ci­den­tal ex­plo­sion aboard the USS En­ter­prise near Hawaii kills 27 peo­ple.

1972 Queen Mar­grethe II of Den­mark as­cends the throne, the first Queen of Den­mark since 1412 and the first Dan­ish monarch not named Fred­er­ick or Chris­tian since 1513.

1973 Elvis Pres­ley’s con­cert Aloha from Hawaii is broad­cast live via satel­lite, and sets the record as the most watched broad­cast by an in­di­vid­ual en­ter­tainer in tele­vi­sion his­tory.

1993 In Poland’s worst peace­time mar­itime dis­as­ter, ferry MS Jan Heweliusz sinks off the coast of Rü­gen, drown­ing 55 pas­sen­gers and crew; nine crewmem­bers are saved.

2000 A United Na­tions tri­bunal sen­tences five Bos­nian Croats to up to 25 years in prison for the 1993 killing of more than 100 Bos­nian Mus­lims.

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