Cape Times

These skincare ingredient­s can help fight hyperpigme­ntation

- KARISHMA DIPA karishma.dipa@inl.co.za

SCORES of women from all walks of life across the globe struggle with hyperpigme­ntation.

Also known as pigmentati­on, this is a medical term used to describe darker patches of skin from excess melanin production.

These dark spots on the skin can be caused by acne scars, sun damage and even hormone fluctuatio­ns.

This skin condition is so rife that every year, Google searches on “how to even skin tone on face” spike worldwide, particular­ly during the summer months.

Experts explained that the reason for the connection between hyperpigme­ntation and warmer months is because dark spots are usually connected with sun exposure, for example, sun spots – even though that's not their only cause.

Skincare brand ISDIN explained that pigmentati­on occurs when the pigment-producing skin cells, melanocyte­s, start to overproduc­e melanin.

“This can lead to the formation of uneven pigmentati­on or hyperpigme­nted areas in the skin,” Karlo Mitchell from ISDIN South Africa said.

The skin expert added that the most common trigger for this occurrence is sun exposure and that is why the need to regularly wear sunscreen is recommende­d.

“When over-exposed to the sun, your skin produces more melanin to try to protect itself from the damaging rays.

“This results in a toasty tan or sensitive sunburn,” he said.

“It then makes sense that you might notice more dark spots during the summer months if you've been soaking up the rays at the beach or relaxing by the pool.”

Mitchell stressed that the sun is not the only cause of pigmentati­on.

He added that age, genetics, hormones (such as in pregnancy), free radical damage from pollution or tobacco, or different types of medication can also cause uneven pigmentati­on.

Mitchell also believes that using the correct ingredient­s and sticking to a morning and night routine is key to correcting the visible signs of premature skin ageing.

This includes the formation of dark spots and uneven pigmentati­on.

ISDIN South Africa has listed the following skincare ingredient­s that can be used to combat hyperpigme­ntation:

Vitamin C

This ingredient is a lifelong skin care superstar because of its powerful antioxidan­ts that neutralise free radicals from both pollution and UV rays, said Mitchell. “It's best for treating dark marks, evening skin tone and brightenin­g the skin.”

Niacinamid­e + Tranexamic acid

These ingredient­s are restorativ­e agents that fight skin discoloura­tion and hyperpigme­ntation, the skin expert explained.

“Niacinamid­e is an all-rounder in skincare for smooth and hydrated skin.”

He added that when combined with tranexamic acid, a synthetic amino acid derived from lysine which specifical­ly targets sun spots, the pigment-correcting effect is more powerful.

Glycolic acid

Mitchell stressed that glycolic acid is one of the best exfoliatin­g ingredient­s

that can be used for the skin and can be a basic in any skincare routine.

“Glycolic acid helps to improve your complexion while making it easier for other products to penetrate the skin,” he said.

“It also helps to even out skin tone and stimulate cell renewal, working to help improve the negative effects of the sun like fine lines and wrinkles,” he said.

 ?? ?? EXPERT give advice on fighting hyperpigme­ntation. | File image.
EXPERT give advice on fighting hyperpigme­ntation. | File image.

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