model. Central to feminist theories are two key pillars – the criminal justice system and restorative justice. Such approaches should be supported by the implementation of other deterrent strategies that draw from all ecological frameworks and have a multidisciplinary approach.
A man’s perpetration of violence can be decreased through evidence-based interventions. Stepping Stones, a life skills training programme, facilitates behavioural change in men. They become good citizens and better partners, friends and fathers as their propensity to commit violence decreases. Programmes that reduce access to alcohol have also showed an effectiveness in reducing violence.
The implementation of primary prevention programmes, such as Isolabantwana (Eye on the child), at community level to prevent abuse, neglect and exploitation of children is critical.
Policy interventions at a structural level can facilitate societal change that produces protective barriers against violence.
These include empowerment programmes and property rights programmes, which have been shown to increase women’s relationships with power and reduce violence against them.
MEN’S INCLINATION TOWARDS PERPETRATION DECREASES
Women empowerment programmes, such as Intervention with Microfinance for Aids and Gender Equity, decreased intimate partner violence by 55%. Research indicates that a woman’s ownership of housing and land can help her to leave an abusive relationship. Findings in Ecuador indicate that “a woman’s share of a couple’s wealth measured by the value of financial and physical assets was associated with lower intimate partner violence and, in Ghana, with lower emotional intimate partner violence”.
In Tanzania and Nicaragua, “landowning women faced less physical and psychological intimate partner violence”. In Tanzania, women’s land ownership served as a “pathway for women’s economic empowerment, and raised perceived status and respect of women”. The studies also found that land and property rights minimised gender inequality.
Kenya has a women and property rights programme called Groots that works to reduce violence against women. The organisation monitors women’s disinheritance, mediates land disputes, refers unresolved cases to formal adjudication mechanisms and promotes TALK TO
How can government protect women and children against violence, and improve gender equality?
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