B-BBEE is taking place slowly, scorecard shows
TRANSFORMATION is happening but slowly, as there are too few black executives occupying management positions in South Africa, a new report shows.
The Sanlam Group launched the inaugural 2021 Sanlam Gauge report on the B-BBEE (broad-based black economic empowerment) scorecard performance of 11 sectors in South Africa last week.
The Sanlam Gauge, presented in partnership with the Sunday Times Business Times, is the first report of its kind to deliver insights on how industries within South Africa are transforming
Sanlam Group chief executive Paul Hanratty said the report was to help South Africa to drive the debate of how best to achieve true economic inclusion and equality for all.
“The findings of this report will, we hope, catalyse introspection in corporate society. We urge business to ask, how can we do more to drive economic growth and inclusion in South Africa?
“How can we do this with far more urgency?” the chief executive asked in the report.
The Sanlam Gauge, which had research led by Intellidex, relied on B-BBEE scorecards of more than 3100 companies, grouped into 11 sectors using the international Standard Industrial Classification (SIC) Codes.
The sectors include agriculture; construction; financial; forestry; information communications technology (ICT); integrated transport; marketing, advertising and communications; property; tourism; mining and generic.
According to the report, the sectors achieved an average of 84.34% of B-BBEE contribution levels.
Meanwhile, socio-economic development surpassed the B-BBEE requirements with an average score of 101.2% followed by black ownership scores that lie at 85.5% of target for all companies.
Management scores, at 57%, are lowest across all sectors and all size categories, the research found, with companies generally meeting targets at junior management level but falling short in higher levels.
“While most achievement percentages are high, we need to question whether the targets agreed are still appropriate 27 years into democracy. Given that the poorest performance across all sectors came in management control speaks volumes about the work that is still to be done,” said Andile Khumalo, the co-founder of the Sanlam Gauge.
The report further revealed that the tourism sector was hitting 99.5% of its B-BBEE contribution targets followed by financial at 97.1%, construction at 93.7% and integrated transport that is hitting 92.4% of its B-BBEE contribution targets.
“The majority of the sectors gained over 80% except for one (generic), and on average it looks like the different sector codes or the participants of those sectors are working hard to obtaining their goals and are close to getting their full percentages,” said Lerato Ratsoma, the managing director of Empowerdex, who delivered the research findings.
Only five sectors – namely tourism; financial; property; marketing, advertising and communications; and agriculture, are achieving Level 1 recognition.
The ICT sector, with a Level 4 recognition, is one of the poorest performing sectors, although it is exceeding black ownership targets. The ICT sector achieves 84.4% of the target for this element.
“There have been successes. But we are not where we want to be in terms of what the economy looks like. From the numbers in the research results, we can see there has been improvement but in terms of a sustainable shift – we’re probably not at the level we would have wanted to be,” Ratsoma said in the report.