Daily News - - NATION -

1735 First recorded ap­pen­dec­tomy, at St Ge­orge’s Hospi­tal in Lon­don.

1853 Pi­eter Marais ap­pointed of­fi­cial gold seeker in the Transvaal, after his dis­cov­er­ies in Cal­i­for­nia, dur­ing the gold rush there.

1865 The Bat­tle of Plat­berg is fought dur­ing the Or­ange Free Sate-Ba­sotho War.

1907 A coal mine ex­plo­sion in West Vir­ginia, kills 362 work­ers.

1917 A mu­ni­tions ship ex­plodes off Hal­i­fax, Nova Sco­tia, killing more than 1 900 peo­ple.

1963 Gifted bats­man Graeme Pol­lock widely re­garded as South Africa’s great­est crick­eter, and as one of the finest bats­men to have played Test cricket - makes his Test de­but.

1991 Head­man Tsha­bal­ala, founder mem­ber of Lady­smith Black Mam­bazo, is shot dead in a road­side ar­gu­ment near Dur­ban.

1993 Twelve peo­ple are killed in Kath­le­hong, East Rand, as a re­sult of the bloody feud be­tween ANC Youth League and SDU.

2006 Nasa re­veals pho­to­graphs sug­gest­ing the pres­ence of liq­uid wa­ter on Mars.

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