ON THIS DAY IN HISTORY
1735 First recorded appendectomy, at St George’s Hospital in London.
1853 Pieter Marais appointed official gold seeker in the Transvaal, after his discoveries in California, during the gold rush there.
1865 The Battle of Platberg is fought during the Orange Free Sate-Basotho War.
1907 A coal mine explosion in West Virginia, kills 362 workers.
1917 A munitions ship explodes off Halifax, Nova Scotia, killing more than 1 900 people.
1963 Gifted batsman Graeme Pollock widely regarded as South Africa’s greatest cricketer, and as one of the finest batsmen to have played Test cricket - makes his Test debut.
1991 Headman Tshabalala, founder member of Ladysmith Black Mambazo, is shot dead in a roadside argument near Durban.
1993 Twelve people are killed in Kathlehong, East Rand, as a result of the bloody feud between ANC Youth League and SDU.
2006 Nasa reveals photographs suggesting the presence of liquid water on Mars.