China is a huge country in Asia and is the third-largest country in the world, after Russia and Canada. It’s about eight times bigger than South Africa, stretching more than 5 000km from east to west and 5 500km from north to south. Typhoons batter the country every year, often causing floods. Earthquakes, tsunamis and droughts are also fairly common.
China’s countryside is diverse. It comprises deserts as well as wetlands, and about a third of the country is mountainous. Mount Everest, the highest mountain peak on Earth, is situated in the Himalayan mountain range and lies on the border between China and Nepal.
The Yangtze, the world’s third-longest river, and the Huang He, the world's sixth-longest river, flow through China. The country’s national animal is the great panda, which is found in the wild in the Yangtze River Basin.