Green love

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The term ‘bio­philia’ was first in­tro­duced by the Greek philoso­pher Aris­to­tle as the “love of life or liv­ing sys­tems” and used by psy­cho­an­a­lyst Eric Fromm in 1973 to de­scribe “the love of all that is alive”, so this con­cept is not new.

Bio­philic de­sign in­te­grates ci­ties and ur­ban land­scapes with na­ture by re-forest­ing to give shade and im­prove air qual­ity, by in­cor­po­rat­ing green spa­ces in the form of large and mini parks ben­e­fi­cial to res­i­dents, and with ver­ti­cal gardens and green rooftops that lower tem­per­a­tures and cool build­ings.

Jo­han­nes­burg is one of 45 ci­ties world­wide to join the World Re­sources In­sti­tute’s ‘Ci­ties4Forests’ ini­tia­tive, com­mit­ted to con­serv­ing and restor­ing their ur­ban for­est. There is a se­ri­ous threat to trees, in­clud­ing Jo’burg’s ur­ban forests which are dy­ing from in­fes­ta­tions of the polyphagous (i.e. hav­ing many host plants) shot-hole borer from Asia. >>

Rooftop gardens, such as this one in Stel­len­bosch, add green­ery to ur­ban ar­eas.

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