Health and safety for school and var­sity

IT’S vi­tal that your chil­dren stay safe and healthy at all times.

People (South Africa) - - Contents - BY AN­GELA BIKIARIS

SO we’ve taught them to wash their hands and to cover their noses when they sneeze. And that’s im­por­tant, but that’s not all they need to know about health and safety. As we em­bark on a new year it’s time to make sure our kids are safe and healthy in ev­ery way pos­si­ble. So take some tips from the ex­perts and make 2019 a fab­u­lous year, in school and out! SAFETY FIRST! Don’t Go Near Strangers THAT means no talk­ing to them, leav­ing with them or tak­ing things from them at any time! While you don’t want to scare your chil­dren, sadly the real­ity is they need to know that strange peo­ple can be danger­ous. Trust­ing In­stincts THEY must learn to trust their in­stincts. If some­thing looks or feels wrong, it prob­a­bly is. Use A Buddy Sys­tem THEY must never go any­where alone. If they need to walk some­where or get some­thing, they need to have a friend with them – and this goes for older kids, too. Re­port Sus­pi­cious Ac­tiv­ity SHOULD they see or hear some­thing which doesn’t sound right, they should around im­me­di­ately call an adult – teacher, par­ent, which­ever non-stranger is to help them. They Must Know Your Name, Num­ber And Ad­dress of an TEACH your kids your full name, cell­phone num­ber and ad­dress in case need an emer­gency. Ex­plain that they shouldn’t give this out to strangers, but to pass on the in­for­ma­tion in an emer­gency. Play­ing With Fire Is Danger­ous WHETHER at home or at school they should know that play­ing or it is ex­per­i­ment­ing with fire is a no-no! Ex­plain the dan­gers of fire and that ab­so­lutely not al­lowed at any given time. No One Can Touch Them

No THIS is prob­a­bly one of the most im­por­tant, so make sure it goes in deep. you one is al­lowed to touch their bod­ies. And if any­one does they need to tell im­me­di­ately. Se­crets Are Not Al­lowed must SHOULD any­one want to say or do some­thing that is a ‘se­cret’, you child know that that in­for­ma­tion needs to be passed on to you. There is no such thing as se­crets be­tween them and other adults – even adults they know. If They Get Lost, They Must Stay Put to TELL your kids to stay where they are if they ever get lost and get some­one con­tact you if pos­si­ble. If It’s Un­com­fort­able, It’s A NO! safe THEY should never be put in an un­com­fort­able sit­u­a­tion. If they don’t feel say no. or com­fort­able with some­one or with their sur­round­ings, they need to Never force a child to hug or play with any­one ei­ther. Bike Safety Tips GO­ING for a bike ride can be fun and great for their men­tal and phys­i­cal health, but there are some key tips to keep in mind. Make sure you se­lect the right bike for their body size; make sure they have com­fort­able shoes on and that their laces are tied; put them in bright clothes if go­ing on the road; make sure the bike’s brakes are work­ing be­fore get­ting onto the bike; and never let chil­dren – even teenagers – ride alone in the streets. Car Safety Tips WHETHER your kids are strapped up in a car seat or big enough to sit in front with their seat­belt on, make sure they un­der­stand the dan­gers of the road and how im­por­tant car safety is. Make sure they al­ways fas­ten their seat belt be­fore you pull off; make sure a car seat for an in­fant or tod­dler is in cor­rectly; keep doors locked; and don’t let them stick their heads out of the win­dow. GOOD HEALTH IS VI­TAL!!! Al­ler­gies Or Spe­cific Needs or KEEP spe­cial babysit­ters needs your and chil­dren teach­ers may in­formed have. of And any make al­ler­gies sure there to use is it. a first-aid kit on hand – and that they know how Fresh, Pearly Whites

hav­ing CLEAN those and cav­ity-free vac­ci­na­tions teeth done. are Kids just should as im­por­tant brush as their re­move teeth twice left­over a day, food and and floss pre­vent af­ter – bac­te­ria this will from help them form­ing cav­i­ties. Al­ways use a tooth­paste with flu­o­ride as it keeps the teeth harder and less likely to de­cay. Make snack on fruit sure in­stead your of kids sug­ary get reg­u­lar snacks. check-ups at the den­tist too, and teach them to Make Healthy Food Choices

TEACH­ING your kids to eat healthily won’t only pre­vent them get­ting sick as of­ten, but it will also im­prove their mood, be­hav­iour, over­all health and con­cen­tra­tion lev­els. Make sure your kids have healthy snacks on hand – at home and at school – and choose health­ier op­tions, such as whole wheat bread, brown rice and low-fat yo­ghurt. And don’t for­get to give them their five serv­ings of fresh fruit and veg­gies a day! Keep Them Hy­drated

IT’S vi­tal – es­pe­cially in sum­mer – that they drink enough wa­ter to stay hy­drated. Make sure they take a wa­ter bot­tle to school and that they fin­ish it daily. Be Good Role Mod­els

KIDS want to be just like Mom and Dad so make sure you’re lead­ing a healthy life­style too. Don’t make dras­tic diet changes – in fact don’t even men­tion the word diet in front of them – and teach them the im­por­tance of good health, not so­ci­ety’s image of per­fect bod­ies. Make Sure They Eat Break­fast

THEY need a healthy start to the day to help them func­tion and keep their en­ergy lev­els up. Don’t let them skip this meal. Keep Them Ac­tive

NO, they don’t need to start train­ing for the next 94.7 Cy­cle Chal­lenge, but they can ride their bikes, play in the gar­den, do a sport. Make sure they get at least 20 min­utes of ex­er­cise a day. Limit Tech­nol­ogy

TOO much screen time is bad for the eyes, the brain and the per­son­al­ity. Limit their time on iPads and give them some free time to watch TV be­fore or af­ter din­ner, but don’t let them be­come couch pota­toes. It will not only af­fect their health, but their be­hav­iour, too. Sport Health Tips

IF your kids are into sports make sure they un­der­stand the dan­gers in­volved. Sport is a great way to stay fit and make new friends (plus they learn all about team­work, too) but there’re some health tips to con­sider. Make sure they’ve had their an­nual check-ups, make surethey wear the cor­rect sport­ing gear and are play­ing with kids of sim­i­lar size and skill level. They must also know how to obey safety rules and re­spect equip­ment, stay hy­drated be­fore, dur­ing and af­ter the ac­tiv­ity and stop play­ing im­me­di­ately if they get hurt! Pro­tec­tion From The Sun

WHILE we all need some vi­ta­min D, sun ex­po­sure can do harm. Make sure they never leave home without sun­screen on – and that in­cludes the ar­eas we usu­ally for­get about such as their feet, ears and back of the legs. Also make sure they have a cap with them; and when not at school a good pair of pro­tec­tive sun­glasses. When it comes to ba­bies, avoid ex­po­sure to di­rect sun­light as their skin is too del­i­cate and will sun­burn very eas­ily.

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