THE BILL OF RIGHTS IN THE CON­STI­TU­TION, SEC­TION 28, STATES THE RIGHTS THAT EV­ERY CHILD HAS:

Post - - FEATURE - In this sec­tion, “child” means a per­son un­der the age of 18 years.

A name and a na­tion­al­ity from birth. Fam­ily care or parental care, or ap­pro­pri­ate al­ter­na­tive care when re­moved from the fam­ily en­vi­ron­ment. Ba­sic nutri­tion, shel­ter, ba­sic health-care ser­vices and so­cial ser­vices. To be pro­tected from mal­treat­ment, ne­glect, abuse or degra­da­tion. ■To be pro­tected from ex­ploita­tive labour prac­tice. To not be re­quired or per­mit­ted to per­form work or pro­vide ser­vices that: Are in­ap­pro­pri­ate for a per­son of that child’s age, or Place at risk the child’s well­be­ing, ed­u­ca­tion, phys­i­cal or mental health or spir­i­tual, moral or so­cial de­vel­op­ment. Not to be de­tained ex­cept as a mea­sure of last re­sort, in which case, in ad­di­tion to the rights a child en­joys un­der sections 12 and 35, the child may be de­tained only for the short­est ap­pro­pri­ate pe­riod of time, and has the right to be: Kept sep­a­rately from de­tained per­sons over the age of 18 years, and Treated in a man­ner, and kept in con­di­tions that take ac­count of the child’s age. To have a le­gal prac­ti­tioner as­signed to the child by the state, and at state ex­pense, in civil pro­ceed­ings af­fect­ing the child, if sub­stan­tial in­jus­tice would oth­er­wise re­sult, and Not to be used di­rectly in armed con­flict, and to be pro­tected in times of armed con­flict. A child’s best in­ter­ests are of para­mount im­por­tance in ev­ery mat­ter con­cern­ing the child.

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