Do­mes­tic vi­o­lence com­mon in de­vel­op­ing na­tions – study

Post - - LIFESTYLE -

SO­CI­ETAL ac­cep­tance of do­mes­tic vi­o­lence against women is preva­lent in de­vel­op­ing coun­tries, with 36% of the global pop­u­la­tion jus­ti­fy­ing it in some cases, new re­search has found.

The study found most cases were re­ported with male part­ners beat­ing the women for go­ing out with­out per­mis­sion; ar­gu­ing; ne­glect­ing the chil­dren; sus­pi­cion over promis­cu­ity; re­fusal to have sex; or for bad culi­nary skills.

About 36% of those ques­tioned dur­ing the study jus­ti­fied at least one of these sit­u­a­tions, said Lynn-Marie Sardinha, re­searcher at the Univer­sity of Bris­tol in the UK.

Most jus­ti­fi­ca­tions came from women in highly pa­tri­ar­chal so­ci­eties that sug­gested they have “in­ter­nalised the idea of a hus­band who phys­i­cally pun­ishes his wife or ver­bally rep­ri­mands her as an ex­er­cise of his right that serves her in­ter­est,” Sardinha added.

Most “per­ceive this be­hav­iour as le­git­i­mate dis­ci­plin­ing, rather than an act of vi­o­lence,” the re­searcher said.

For the study, the re­searchers used de­mo­graphic and health sur­veys, ex­am­ined 1.17 mil­lion men and women in 49 low- and mid­dle-in­come coun­tries.

The re­sults, pub­lished in the jour­nal PLOS One, showed that the at­ti­tude to­wards do­mes­tic vi­o­lence var­ied across na­tions, with 83% of Ti­mor-Leste pop­u­la­tion in South­east Asia jus­ti­fy­ing it. Over­all, so­cial ac­cep­tance is higher in South Asia with 47%.

In 36% of these where there was fre­quent and se­vere po­lit­i­cal con­flict within the past five years, this ten­dency was much higher.

So­ci­etal ac­cep­tance of do­mes­tic vi­o­lence among men was lower in coun­tries with more demo­cratic regimes where women had more eco­nomic rights.

There is a need for an in­ter­na­tional do­mes­tic vi­o­lence pre­ven­tion pol­icy, said the re­searchers. This is also the view of the World Health Or­gan­i­sa­tion, which said 30% of women glob­ally have ex­pe­ri­enced do­mes­tic vi­o­lence at least once in their life­time. Its pre­ven­tion is both ur­gent and vi­tal.

Do­mes­tic vi­o­lence has se­ri­ous phys­i­cal, men­tal, sex­ual and re­pro­duc­tive health con­se­quences.

It neg­a­tively im­pacts the well-be­ing of chil­dren and fam­i­lies and has wider so­cial im­pli­ca­tions, the study said. – IANS


There is a need for an in­ter­na­tional do­mes­tic vi­o­lence pre­ven­tion pol­icy, say the World Health Or­gan­i­sa­tion and re­searchers.

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