ON THIS DAY IN HIS­TORY

Pretoria News - - NATION - The His­to­rian

1703 The Great Storm of 1703, the great­est wind­storm ever recorded in the south­ern part of Great Bri­tain, makes land­fall. Winds gust up to 195km/h, and 9 000 peo­ple die. The Royal Navy loses 13 ships and 1 500 sailors.

1891 Cap­tain Kurt von François moves his ad­min­is­tra­tive head­quar­ters to Wind­hoek, Ger­man South West Africa, seven months after erect­ing a fort there.

1895 At the Bat­tle at Amba Alagi, Abyssinia, the Ethiopi­ans beat Ital­ian armies.

1900 English so­cial worker and re­former Emily Hob­house sets sail for South Africa, where she will in­ves­ti­gate con­di­tions in Bri­tish con­cen­tra­tion camps.

1909 In­ven­tor Leo Baeke­land patents, Bake­lite, the first thermo-set­ting plas­tic, spark­ing the birth of the plas­tics in­dus­try.

1941 The Im­pe­rial Ja­panese Navy car­ries out a sur­prise at­tack on the US Pa­cific Fleet and its de­fend­ing Army and Ma­rine air forces at Pearl Har­bor, Hawaii. (Si­mul­ta­ne­ous at­tacks in the Far East, tar­get­ing Sin­ga­pore, Hong Kong and Manila, took place, but were recorded as be­ing on De­cem­ber 8 be­cause of the In­ter­na­tional Date Line.)

1949 Chi­nese na­tion­al­ist leader Chi­ang Kai-shek flees to Tai­wan.

1963 In­stant re­play makes its de­but dur­ing the Army-Navy foot­ball game in Philadel­phia, Penn­syl­va­nia.

1972 Apollo 17, the last Apollo moon mis­sion, is launched. The crew takes the pho­to­graph that be­comes known as The Blue Mar­ble as they leave the Earth.

1987 A Pa­cific South­west Air­lines pas­sen­ger plane crashes near Paso Rob­les, in Cal­i­for­nia, killing all 43 on board, after a mur­der/sui­cide by one of the pas­sen­gers in which a dis­grun­tled pas­sen­ger shoots his ex-boss, then shoots both pi­lots and steers the plane into the ground.

1988 A PLO del­e­ga­tion lead by Yasser Arafat pro­claims the State of Pales­tine, also recog­nis­ing the State of Is­rael.

1988 An earth­quake in Ar­me­nia kills 25 000 to 50 000 peo­ple. |

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