ON THIS DAY NOVEMBER 22
1497 In the teeth of a howling gale, Vasco da Gama’s little squadron of four ships rounds the Cape of Good Hope, becoming the first recorded people to do so, while searching for a sea route to India. (There are theories that the Phoenicians and a Chinese fleet did).
1718 Notorious pirate Blackbeard (Edward Teach) is killed in close combat off North Carolina after a long and prosperous career.
1869 In Dumbarton, Scotland, the clipper Cutty Sark is launched and is one of the last clippers built, and the only one still surviving. 1898 Barnstorming aviator Wiley Post is born in Grand Plain, Texas. A self-taught pilot who became an international celebrity in the 1930s and co-authored Around the World in Eight
Days, in 1935, he and his friend Will Rogers began a flight to the Orient, but their plane crashed in Alaska, killing them.
1899 During the Anglo-Boer War Battle of Willow Grange, two British soldiers and two burghers are knocked unconscious by lightning, while a burgher and six horses are killed nearby Brynbella.
1900 Paul Kruger, exiled president of the Boer Republic of South Africa, is given a popular welcome when he lands at Marseilles, France.
1917 A German Zeppelin starts a flight from Bulgaria to Khartoum carrying much-needed supplies to General von Lettow in East Africa.
1939 Bugsy Siegel, Whitey Krakower, Frankie Carbo and Albert Tannenbaum kill Harry “Big Greenie” Greenberg outside his apartment after he’d threatened to snitch on them.
1942 Adolf Hitler orders Rommel’s Afrika Korps to fight to the last man.
1942 General Friedrich Paulus sends Adolf Hitler a telegram saying that the occupying German 6th Army is surrounded in Stalingrad.
1963 At 12.30pm, on Elm Street in downtown Dallas, John F Kennedy’s motorcade slowly approaches a triple underpass. Shots ring out. He is struck in the back, then in the head. He is rushed to Parkland Memorial Hospital where 15 doctors tried to save him. At 1pm, John Fitzgerald Kennedy, 35th President of the US, is pronounced dead. On board Air Force One, Lyndon Johnson is sworn in as president.
1986 ‘Iron’ Mike Tyson, 20, becomes the youngest heavyweight boxing champion.
1988 A submersible finds the black box of the SAA Boeing 747, Helderberg off Mauritius, nearly a year after it crashed.
1995 Toy Story is released as the first feature-length film created completely using computer-generated imagery.
2017 Ratko Mladic the “Butcher of Bosnia” is convicted of genocide and jailed for life in The Hague. | THE HISTORIAN