Pretoria News - - NATION -

1497 In the teeth of a howl­ing gale, Vasco da Gama’s lit­tle squadron of four ships rounds the Cape of Good Hope, be­com­ing the first recorded peo­ple to do so, while search­ing for a sea route to In­dia. (There are the­o­ries that the Phoeni­cians and a Chi­nese fleet did).

1718 No­to­ri­ous pi­rate Black­beard (Ed­ward Teach) is killed in close com­bat off North Carolina af­ter a long and pros­per­ous ca­reer.

1869 In Dum­bar­ton, Scot­land, the clip­per Cutty Sark is launched and is one of the last clip­pers built, and the only one still sur­viv­ing. 1898 Barn­storm­ing avi­a­tor Wi­ley Post is born in Grand Plain, Texas. A self-taught pi­lot who be­came an in­ter­na­tional celebrity in the 1930s and co-au­thored Around the World in Eight

Days, in 1935, he and his friend Will Rogers be­gan a flight to the Orient, but their plane crashed in Alaska, killing them.

1899 Dur­ing the An­glo-Boer War Bat­tle of Willow Grange, two Bri­tish sol­diers and two burghers are knocked un­con­scious by light­ning, while a burgher and six horses are killed nearby Bryn­bella.

1900 Paul Kruger, ex­iled pres­i­dent of the Boer Repub­lic of South Africa, is given a pop­u­lar wel­come when he lands at Mar­seilles, France.

1917 A Ger­man Zep­pelin starts a flight from Bul­garia to Khar­toum car­ry­ing much-needed sup­plies to Gen­eral von Let­tow in East Africa.

1939 Bugsy Siegel, Whitey Krakower, Frankie Carbo and Al­bert Tan­nen­baum kill Harry “Big Gree­nie” Green­berg out­side his apart­ment af­ter he’d threat­ened to snitch on them.

1942 Adolf Hitler or­ders Rommel’s Afrika Korps to fight to the last man.

1942 Gen­eral Friedrich Paulus sends Adolf Hitler a tele­gram say­ing that the oc­cu­py­ing Ger­man 6th Army is sur­rounded in Stal­in­grad.

1963 At 12.30pm, on Elm Street in down­town Dal­las, John F Kennedy’s mo­tor­cade slowly ap­proaches a triple un­der­pass. Shots ring out. He is struck in the back, then in the head. He is rushed to Park­land Me­mo­rial Hos­pi­tal where 15 doc­tors tried to save him. At 1pm, John Fitzgerald Kennedy, 35th Pres­i­dent of the US, is pro­nounced dead. On board Air Force One, Lyn­don John­son is sworn in as pres­i­dent.

1986 ‘Iron’ Mike Tyson, 20, be­comes the youngest heavy­weight boxing cham­pion.

1988 A sub­mersible finds the black box of the SAA Boe­ing 747, Helder­berg off Mau­ri­tius, nearly a year af­ter it crashed.

1995 Toy Story is re­leased as the first fea­ture-length film cre­ated com­pletely us­ing com­puter-gen­er­ated im­agery.

2017 Ratko Mladic the “Butcher of Bos­nia” is con­victed of geno­cide and jailed for life in The Hague. | THE HIS­TO­RIAN

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