ON THIS DAY IN HISTORY
1681 The Treaty of Radzin ends a fiveyear war between the Turks and the allied countries of Russia and Poland.
1745 England, Austria, Saxony and the Netherlands form an alliance against Russia.
1815 A rag-tag army under Andrew Jackson defeats the British on the fields of Chalmette in the Battle of New Orleans.
1871 Prussian troops begin to bombard Paris during the Franco-Prussian War.
1900 The Boers attack the British in Ladysmith, but are turned back.
1908 A subway line opens linking the New York boroughs of Brooklyn and Manhattan.
1922 About 22 000 miners on Witwatersrand gold mines go on strike in what became known as the Rand Rebellion.
1940 Great Britain begins rationing sugar, meat and butter.
1946 President Harry S Truman vows to stand by the Yalta accord on selfdetermination for the Balkans.
1951 Present UN headquarters is opened in New York.
1954 President Dwight D Eisenhower proposes stripping convicted communists of their US citizenship.
1960 Construction on the Aswan Dam starts in Egypt.
1963 President John F Kennedy attends the unveiling of the Mona Lisa.
1973 A wave of strikes hits Durban and spreads countrywide.
1975 Ella T Grasso becomes Governor of Connecticut, the first female governor in the US who did not come into office by succeeding her husband.
1979 The US advises the Shah to leave Iran. 1982 AT&T agrees to divest 22 subdivisions as part of an antitrust agreement.
1986 Limpet mine explodes and damages substation in Durban.
1993 The ANC demands changes to facilitate democratic elections.
1994 Valeri Polyakov, a Russian cosmonaut, leaves earth bound for the Mir space station; he will spend a record 437 days in space.
2002 US President George W Bush signs into law the No Child Left Behind Act, intended to improve America’s educational system.
2004 The largest passenger ship in history, the RMS Queen Mary 2, is christened by Queen Elizabeth II, who is the granddaughter of Queen Mary.
2011 An attempted assassination of Arizona Representative Gabrielle Giffords is part of a shooting spree in which Jared Lee Loughner kills six people.