Pretoria News - - NATION -

60 St Paul thought to have been ship­wrecked at Malta.

1258 Bagh­dad falls to the Mon­gols, bring­ing the Is­lamic Golden Age to an end.

1306 In front of the high al­tar of Greyfri­ars Church in Dum­fries, Robert the Bruce murders John Comyn, spark­ing the revo­lu­tion in the Wars of Scot­tish In­de­pen­dence

1535 Forty An­abap­tists run naked through the streets of Amsterdam be­cause they are fed up with a dom­i­nant re­li­gion (Catholi­cism) in bed with the wealthy with­out a thought for the poor. The next day, city of­fi­cials have them all mas­sa­cred.

1840 Com­man­dant-Gen­eral MW Pre­to­rius in­stalls Mpande as king of the Zu­lus af­ter the power of Mpande’s brother, Din­gane, is bro­ken at Magongo on the Umkuzi River.

1890 Boris Paster­nak, Rus­sian poet, nov­el­ist au­thor of Doc­tor Zhivago, lit­er­ary trans­la­tor and No­bel Prize lau­re­ate, is born.

1901 Gen­eral Chris­ti­aan de Wet in­vades the Cape Colony at Zand­drif, near Philip­po­lis.

1906 HMS Dread­nought, the first of a new breed of battleship­s, is chris­tened, ren­der­ing all other cap­i­tal ships ob­so­lete.

1916 The Cerro Azul No 4 oil well, in Mex­ico, blows her top and gushes 183m in the air.

1940 Tom and Jerry make their de­but with

1954 US Pres­i­dent Dwight Eisen­hower warns against the US be­com­ing in­volved in Viet­nam.

1962 Cap­tured Amer­i­can U2 spy-plane pi­lot Gary Pow­ers is ex­changed for a Soviet spy.

1964 An Aus­tralian air­craft car­rier, HMAS Melbourne, col­lides with and sinks the de­stroyer HMAS Voy­ager off New South Wales, Aus­tralia, killing 82 sea­men.

1984 Kenyan sol­diers slaugh­ter 5 000 eth­nic So­mali Kenyans.

1985 Nel­son Man­dela re­jects Pres­i­dent PW Botha’s of­fer of a con­di­tional re­lease.

1990 Pres­i­dent FW de Klerk an­nounces Nel­son Man­dela will be freed on Fe­bru­ary 11.

1991 Min­is­ter of Law and Or­der Adri­aan Vlok says more than 17 mil­lion peo­ple were ar­rested un­der in­flux con­trol laws be­tween 1921 and 1986.

1996 The IBM su­per­com­puter Deep Blue de­feats Garry Kas­parov in chess for the first time.

2005 Heir to the Bri­tish throne, Prince Charles, an­nounces his en­gage­ment to long­time paramour Camilla Parker Bowles

2009 Two com­mu­ni­ca­tions satel­lites col­lide in or­bit, de­stroy­ing each other.

2013 Five peo­ple are killed by a fall­ing lifeboat from a cruise ship in the Ca­nary is­lands. | THE HIS­TO­RIAN

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