FEBRUARY 14

Pretoria News - - METRO -

1076 Pope Gre­gory VII ex­com­mu­ni­cates Holy Ro­man Em­peror Henry IV (for the 1st time)

1349 Sev­eral hun­dred Jews are burnt alive, and the re­main­der are hounded from Stras­bourg.

1400 Richard II of Eng­land dies af­ter be­ing starved to death in cap­tiv­ity by his usurper, Henry Bol­ing­broke.

1779 Ex­plorer Cap­tain James Cook is killed by lo­cals on the Is­land of Hawaii.

1840 Din­gane, stripped of his king­ship af­ter he and his Zulu war­riors are van­quished at the bat­tle of Magongo, at the Umkuzi River, flees to Swazi­land, where he is mur­dered.

1840 Natal is pro­claimed a Voortrekke­r Repub­lic, with the borders be­ing the Umz­imvubu in the south, the Black Mfolozi (in­clud­ing St Lu­cia Bay) in the north, the sea to the east. No western bor­der is men­tioned.

1852 Great Or­mond St Hos­pi­tal for Sick Chil­dren, the first hos­pi­tal in Eng­land to pro­vide in-pa­tient beds specif­i­cally for chil­dren, is founded in Lon­don.

1876 Alexan­der Gra­ham Bell ap­plies for a patent for the tele­phone, as does Elisha Gray. The US Supreme Court even­tu­ally rules that Bell is the right­ful in­ven­tor.

1900 Bri­tish forces be­gin a fourth at­tempt to lift the siege of Lady­smith.

1929 Seven people – six are ri­vals of Al Capone’s gang – are mur­dered in the St Valen­tine’s Day Mas­sacre in Chicago.

1931 The orig­i­nal Drac­ula film, star­ring Bela Lu­gosi as the tit­u­lar vam­pire, is re­leased.

1941 The Ger­man 5th Light Divi­sion, Rom­mel’s Afrika Corps, ar­rives in Tripoli to give back­bone to the Ital­ian-led Axis forces in North Africa.

1945 Prague is bombed, prob­a­bly due to a mis­take of ori­en­ta­tion by pi­lots bomb­ing Dres­den.

1989 Iran’s Ruhol­lah Khome­ini is­sues a fatwa against Sal­man Rushdie, au­thor of The Satanic Verses.

1990 The Voy­ager 1 space­craft takes the Pale Blue Dot pho­to­graph of Earth.

1994 King Good­will Zwelithini tells Pres­i­dent FW de Klerk he re­jects South Africa’s in­terim con­sti­tu­tion and is pre­pared to set up a Zulu king­dom.

2005 YouTube is launched by a group of col­lege stu­dents.

2011 As a part of the Arab Spring, the Bahraini upris­ing be­gins with a ‘Day of Rage’.

2013 Olympian and par­a­lympian Os­car Pis­to­rius kills his girl­friend, Reeva Steenkamp, and is charged with mur­der.

2018 Ja­cob Zuma re­signs as pres­i­dent.

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