1616 Explorer Walter Raleigh is released from the Tower of London after 13 years and told to go and seek gold in Guyana.
1703 Akō incident: 46 of the 47 surviving Ronin commit seppuku (ritual suicide) as recompense for avenging their master’s death in Edo.
1902 In the British House of Commons, Prime Minister David Lloyd George suggests that there are as many as 30 000 armed blacks in British military employ in South Africa.
1904 Fietas, Johannesburg, a mixed population area, is evacuated and the area is burned to the ground.
1915 Albert Einstein publishes his general theory of relativity.
1920 Pierre van Ryneveld and Quintin Brand arrive in Wynberg after the first flight from London to Cape Town. It took a month and a half and would lead to the formation of the SA Air Force, the world’s second-oldest after the Royal Air Force.
1930 American fast food restaurant chain KFC is founded by Colonel Harland Sanders in North Corbin, Kentucky.
1942 General Douglas MacArthur vows “I came through and I shall return” after escaping the Japanese-occupied Philippines.
1947 A record 18-ton blue whale is caught in the South Atlantic.
1947 Dr Yusuf Dadoo and Dr Monty Naicker meet Mahatma Gandhi in Patna and hold several hours of discussions.
1995 Britain’s Queen Elizabeth addresses the South African Parliament.
1995 The Japanese cult Aum Shinrikyo carries out a sarin gas attack on the Tokyo subway during rush hour, killing 12 and injuring more than 6 200 people.
2001 Petrobras 36 Oil Platform, the world’s largest oil rig, sinks with 400 000 US gallons of fuel and crude oil aboard.
2012 50 people are killed and 240 injured in a wave of terror attacks across 10 cities in Iraq.
2012 The Disney movie records one of the largest losses in cinema history with a $200 million write down.
2016 Barack Obama becomes the first US president to visit Cuba since 1928.
2019 Finland is the world’s happiest country, South Sudan is world’s least happy, according to annual World Happiness Report. | THE HISTORIAN