Dam­age to habi­tat and breed­ing grounds


The long-term dam­age caused by oil spills, how­ever, is in what it does to the habi­tats and breed­ing grounds of all of th­ese an­i­mals. They rely on th­ese ar­eas for the con­tin­u­a­tion of their species, and the dam­age done by oil is with­out a doubt one of the most sig­nif­i­cant en­vi­ron­men­tal ef­fects of an oil spill.

In the end, the over­all cost and sever­ity of en­vi­ron­men­tal dam­ages caused by a spill are dif­fi­cult to cal­cu­late and de­pend on many fac­tors. Of­ten the full im­pact is not seen or felt un­til many years af­ter the event, but one thing is cer­tain; oil spills are bad news for the en­vi­ron­ment.

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