Kreef quota re­al­lo­ca­tion favours small-scale fish­eries

Sunday Times - - Opinion -

The ar­ti­cle, “Court bid to save kreef go­ing ex­tinct” (July 8), ac­cuses fish­eries man­age­ment of ma­nip­u­lat­ing fish­ing quo­tas to favour cer­tain in­ter­est groups at the ex­pense of sound man­age­ment.

The is­sue in con­tention by the World Wide Fund for Na­ture is the al­lo­ca­tion of quo­tas in West Coast rock lob­ster.

Over the past 12 years we have shifted about 30% of the lob­ster to­tal al­low­able catch from the off­shore com­mer­cial fish­ery to the near-shore hoop-net fish­ery so as to ac­com­mo­date greater num­bers of small-scale fish­eries.

The de­ter­mi­na­tion for to­tal al­low­able catch is in line with the pro­vi­sions of sec­tion 2 of the Marine Liv­ing Re­sources Act, and the al­lo­ca­tion of quo­tas bal­ances sci­en­tific, eco­log­i­cal, eco­nomic and so­cial jus­tice in­ter­ests.

We hold the view that bi­o­log­i­cal and sci­en­tific con­sid­er­a­tions are im­por­tant, but were the gov­ern­ment to fall for the WWF push, this would blunt di­ver­si­fi­ca­tion and leave the sec­tor as an exclusive re­serve for white com­pa­nies, in­clud­ing for­eign fish­eries, while the peo­ple re­main pau­pers. We are not pre­pared to travel that route.

This court ac­tion, which we are op­pos­ing, is a sub­terfuge de­signed to scup­per rad­i­cal eco­nomic trans­for­ma­tion within the fish­eries econ­omy.

Khaye Nk­wanyana, spokesman for the min­is­ter of agri­cul­ture, fish­eries and forestry

De­ci­sion risks stock col­lapse

As fish­ery sci­en­tists with knowl­edge of South Africa, we are aware of the back­ground to the court case de­scribed in the ar­ti­cle of July 8 and share the con­cerns of other sci­en­tists about re­cent de­ci­sions in man­ag­ing the West Coast rock lob­ster (kreef) re­source.

South Africa has a jus­ti­fi­ably high in­ter­na­tional rep­u­ta­tion due to its pro­mo­tion and im­ple­men­ta­tion of sci­ence­based fish­ery man­age­ment. It is of con­cern to see the ero­sion of this ap­proach.

While we sup­port the right of any coun­try to take so­cial and eco­nomic fac­tors into ac­count, de­ci­sions that favour very short-term eco­nomic in­ter­ests at the risk of stock col­lapse and con­se­quent eco­nomic and so­cial col­lapse are not in the best in­ter­ests of ei­ther fishers or the en­vi­ron­ment.

We hope that the au­thor­i­ties will re­turn to the ev­i­dence-based man­age­ment that has been a fea­ture of the suc­cess of South African fish­eries man­age­ment over the past two decades.

Pro­fes­sors Tony Smith, Keith Sains­bury, Den­zil Miller and Cathy Dich­mont, In­sti­tute for Marine and Antarc­tic Stud­ies, Univer­sity of Tas­ma­nia

Hog­wash that I in­sisted on Trust

In your edi­to­rial, “Is Ramaphosa will­ing to sac­ri­fice our rights to the Zulu king’s black­mail?” (July 8), you de­clare the In­gonyama Trust Act “a law passed in the fi­nal days of apartheid, at the be­hest of IFP leader Man­go­suthu Buthelezi, who de­manded it as the price for his par­tic­i­pa­tion in the elec­tion of 1994”.

It’s ab­so­lute hog­wash.

On April 19 1994, Nel­son Man­dela, FW de Klerk and I signed the Me­moran­dum of Un­der­stand­ing for Rec­on­cil­i­a­tion and Peace, in which the IFP agreed to par­tic­i­pate in the 1994 elec­tions. The con­di­tions for our par­tic­i­pa­tion are cap­tured in the MoU, and none of them make any men­tion of the es­tab­lish­ment of a trust or even leg­is­la­tion around com­mu­nal land in KwaZulu.

The In­gonyama Trust Act was never part of ne­go­ti­a­tions and was passed by the KwaZulu Leg­isla­tive Assem­bly af­ter ne­go­ti­a­tions were con­cluded. The assem­bly was well within its rights to pass leg­is­la­tion of this kind and it nei­ther needed nor sought per­mis­sion from the Na­tional Party gov­ern­ment.

When the In­gonyama Trust Act came be­fore par­lia­ment in 1997, it was amended to the full sat­is­fac­tion of ev­ery party. Dur­ing the de­bate the ANC de­clared that the act “makes it pos­si­ble for this prov­ince to move ahead with the pro­gramme of de­vel­op­ment”. The act has been le­git­i­mately in place for 24 years.

Prince Man­go­suthu Buthelezi, IFP pres­i­dent

Stop mak­ing refugees scape­goats

On Wed­nes­day, the me­dia dis­sem­i­nated COPE leader Mo­siuoa Lekota’s call for the in­tro­duc­tion of refugee camps.

South Africa does not have an im­mi­grant in­flux prob­lem.

We have a bro­ken im­mi­gra­tion regime, an un­der­re­sourced Depart­ment of Home Af­fairs, and a lead­er­ship in­ca­pable of putting to­gether or im­ple­ment­ing a co­her­ent pol­icy frame­work.

Our con­sti­tu­tional democ­racy is built on the found­ing val­ues of dig­nity, equal­ity and free­dom. There is no dig­nity in refugee camps.

That Lekota would sug­gest such de­hu­man­is­ing treat­ment of our vul­ner­a­ble African brethren as a cheap elec­tion­eer­ing gim­mick is be­neath his es­teemed stature as a free­dom fighter. Scape­goat­ing refugees won’t fix our prob­lems.

Bu­sisiwe Langa, Cape Town

‘Tribe’ is colo­nial ter­mi­nol­ogy

Kindly ask Mr Mthom­bothi, an African el­der, to re­frain from call­ing us, as Africans, “tribes”.

That is a de­mean­ing and deroga­tory term which was used by colo­nial­ists, racists and slave masters when re­fer­ring to us as prim­i­tive peo­ple. As an African, I re­ally find it of­fen­sive.

Thu­lani Ng­cobo, Midrand

Zuma blames his old foe

While los­ing a child can never be easy for a par­ent, Ja­cob Zuma’s ex­trap­o­la­tion that harsh me­dia re­port­ing ex­ac­er­bated his son Vusi’s lupus con­di­tion, “Me­dia wors­ened son’s ill­ness, say Zu­mas” (July 8), seems a dis­hon­est op­por­tu­nity to lash out at the fourth es­tate for do­ing its job.

Med­i­cal re­ports in­di­cate that lupus is a chronic dis­ease caused when a per­son’s im­mune sys­tem at­tacks its own tis­sues. The par­al­lel to the ANC’s fac­tion­al­ism is ap­par­ent as the party de­vours it­self. Them­be­lihle Wil­liams, East Lon­don

Write to PO Box 1742, Sax­on­wold 2132; SMS 33662; e-mail: tel­[email protected]­day­; Fax: 011 280 5150 All mail should be ac­com­pa­nied by a street ad­dress and day­time tele­phone num­ber. The Ed­i­tor re­serves the right to cut let­ters

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