July 15 in His­tory

Sunday Times - - Puzzles -

1606 — Rem­brandt van Rijn, one of the great­est vis­ual artists in the his­tory of art, is born in Ley­den, Dutch Repub­lic. His “Christ in the Storm on the Sea of Galilee” and “A Lady and Gen­tle­man in Black” are among 13 mas­ter­pieces stolen (and still miss­ing) from Bos­ton’s Is­abella Ste­wart Gard­ner Mu­seum on March 18 1990. “The Night Watch”, on dis­play in the Ri­jksmu­seum, mea­sures 3.63m x 4.37m.

1815 — Napoleon Bon­a­parte de­mands asy­lum from the Bri­tish Captain Fred­er­ick Mait­land on HMS Bellerophon at Rochefort, France, af­ter de­feat to the Coali­tion armies at the Bat­tle of Water­loo on June 18. He is kept in ex­ile on the is­land of St He­lena un­til his death on May 5 1821, at age 51.

1869 — Mar­garine is patented by French chemist Hip­polye Mège-Mouriès in re­sponse to a chal­lenge by Napoleon III to cre­ate a but­ter sub­sti­tute from beef tal­low for the armed forces and lower classes. 1932 — CJ (Cor­nelis Ja­cob) Lan­gen­hoven, au­thor and writer of the words of “Die Stem van Suid-Afrika”, dies at his home Ar­bei­dsgenot in Oudt­shoorn.

1944 — Anne Frank, 15, hid­ing with her fam­ily in con­cealed rooms in Am­s­ter­dam, writes in her diary about the chaos, suf­fer­ing and death around her.

“And yet, when I look up at the sky, I some­how feel that ev­ery­thing will change for the bet­ter ... In the mean­time, I must hold on to my ideals. Per­haps the day will come when I’ll be able to re­alise them!” The fam­ily is ar­rested by the Gestapo in Au­gust. She and her sis­ter Margo die of ty­phus in Fe­bru­ary or March 1945 at the Ber­gen-Belsen con­cen­tra­tion camp. 1946 — Linda Ron­stadt, singer and ac­tress, is born in Tuc­son, Arizona. Crit­i­cised by mu­sic crit­ics and listed by the UN as sup­port­ing apartheid for play­ing con­certs in South Africa in the early 1980s, she re­sponds: “The last place for a boy­cott is in the arts.” 1960 — The first Boe­ing 707 ar­rives in South Africa, ush­er­ing in a new era in avi­a­tion in the coun­try.

1992 — Wayde van Niek­erk, 2016 Olympic gold medal­list in the 400m with a world record time of 43.03 sec­onds (beat­ing Michael John­son’s 43.18 set in 1999), is born in Kraai­fontein, Cape Town.

1995 — Park Sung-Hyun, 19, a sales clerk, is res­cued af­ter be­ing buried for 16 days in the rub­ble of the col­lapsed Sam­poong Depart­ment Store in Seoul.

She asks two things: a drink of wa­ter and what day it is. The largest peace­time dis­as­ter in South Korean his­tory leaves 502 peo­ple dead and 937 in­jured.

1997 — Gianni Ver­sace, 50, Ital­ian fash­ion de­signer, is shot and killed at the en­trance to his Mi­ami Beach, Florida, home — the fifth vic­tim (over a three-month pe­riod) of spree killer An­drew Cu­nanan, 27, who uses the same gun to com­mit sui­cide on a house­boat eight days later.

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