Sunday Times

Sept 30 in History

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1568 — John III is de­clared king of Swe­den af­ter his half-brother, Eric XIV, is de­posed for show­ing signs of mad­ness.

1791 — Mozart con­ducts the premiere of his opera “The Magic Flute” in Vi­enna, Aus­tria. He dies on De­cem­ber 5. The opera cel­e­brates its 100th per­for­mance in Novem­ber 1792.

1888 — “Jack the Rip­per” butch­ers his third and fourth vic­tims — El­iz­a­beth Stride, 44, and Kate Ed­dowes, 46. Stride’s body is found at about 1am in Dut­field’s Yard, off Berner Street, Whitechape­l, with a main artery in her neck sev­ered. Ed­dowes is found 45 min­utes later in Mitre Square in the City of Lon­don, her throat cut, ab­domen ripped open, left kid­ney and the ma­jor part of her uterus re­moved.

1899 — Eleven days be­fore the start of the An­gloBoer War, the ma­jor mines on the Reef (in­clud­ing Sim­mer & Jack, Wol­huter, Gelden­huys Deep and Henry Nourse) cease to op­er­ate.

1901 — Cor­nelis Broeksma, 38, who emi­gated from the Nether­lands at age 19, qual­i­fied as ad­vo­cate in Bloem­fontein and served as pub­lic pros­e­cu­tor in Jo­han­nes­burg, is ex­e­cuted as a traitor by fir­ing squad at the Jo­han­nes­burg Fort. He in­curred the wrath of the Bri­tish by ex­pos­ing to Europe the atroc­i­ties in the con­cen­tra­tion camps and their scorched-earth pol­icy dur­ing the An­glo-Boer War. He pleaded guilty to break­ing his oath of neu­tral­ity, trea­son and in­cite­ment with re­gard to the vi­o­la­tion of the oath and was sen­tenced to death on Septem­ber 14.

1938 — Af­ter re­turn­ing home from co-sign­ing (with Ger­many, France and Italy) the Mu­nich Agree­ment al­low­ing Ger­many’s an­nex­a­tion of Cze­choslo­vakia’s Sude­ten­land, Bri­tish Prime Min­is­ter Neville Cham­ber­lain says: “I be­lieve it is peace for our time.” 1939 — The French Army is called back from in­vad­ing Ger­many. When Oper­a­tion Saar started on Septem­ber 7, the Ger­man gen­er­als’ great fear of a two-front war seemed to have been re­alised. It was in­con­ceiv­able they could counter the mighty French army with the Wehrma­cht wholly en­gaged in Poland. The French, how­ever, ad­vanced at a leisurely stroll and reached their peak 8km pen­e­tra­tion on the 12th. The with­drawal is as slug­gish and lasts un­til Oc­to­ber 17. Ger­many in­vades France on May 10 1940.

1960 — “The Flint­stones” pre­mieres on ABC, the first prime­time an­i­ma­tion show.

1966 — Botswana gains in­de­pen­dence from Bri­tain with Seretse Khama as its first pres­i­dent.

1982 — The sit­com “Cheers” pre­mieres on NBC.

1986 — Is­raeli Mos­sad agents snatch nu­clear tech­ni­cian Mordechai Va­nunu af­ter lur­ing him to Rome. He had leaked Is­rael’s nu­clear se­crets to the Lon­don Sun­day Times. He spends 18 years in jail.

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