Oct 14 in His­tory

Sunday Times - - Puzzles -

1586 — Mary, Queen of Scots (De­cem­ber 14 1542 to July 24 1567), the only sur­viv­ing le­git­i­mate child of James V who suc­ceeded him at six days old, goes on trial in Eng­land, ac­cused of trea­son (re­lated to her claim to the Eng­land throne) against El­iz­a­beth I.

Mary, 44, is be­headed on Fe­bru­ary 8 1587. Her son, James VI, suc­ceeds El­iz­a­beth af­ter her death in 1603 and reigns as James I of Eng­land for 22 years.

1639 — Si­mon van der Stel, first Gov­er­nor of the Dutch Cape Colony (June 1 1691 to Novem­ber 2 1699), is born on board ship near Mau­ri­tius, where his fa­ther Adri­aan (and mother Maria) is headed to take up his post as that coun­try’s first Dutch gov­er­nor. 1888 — AD (Al­ber­tus Daniël) Keet, SA poet, is born in Alice, East­ern Cape. In 1909 he be­gins study­ing medicine in the Nether­lands. While there, he works as doc­tor, re­port­edly scores the first try on Nether­lands soil in an ex­hi­bi­tion rugby match against Afrikaans stu­dents from Scot­land and mar­ries Nell van der Poll, also a doc­tor, in 1919. They re­turn to SA in 1920 and open a prac­tice in Senekal, East­ern Free State.

1913 — An ex­plo­sion and the re­leased poi­sonous gas at the Univer­sal Col­liery in Senghenydd, Wales, kill 439 men and boys, in­clud­ing eight 14-year-olds. It is still the worst disas­ter in Bri­tish min­ing his­tory.

1927 — Roger Moore, ac­tor (James Bond from 1973 to 1985), is born in Lon­don.

1933 — Ger­many quits the Geneva Dis­ar­ma­ment Con­fer­ence and the League of Na­tions, founded in 1920 to main­tain world peace af­ter World War 1. 1940 — Pierre Mans, SA’s most suc­cess­ful snooker player, is born in Johannesburg. He wins the 1960 SA Am­a­teur Cham­pi­onship in his only at­tempt and turns pro­fes­sional. A left-han­der fa­mous for his long, pow­er­ful pots and fash­ion­able waist­coats, he wins the SA Pro­fes­sional Cham­pi­onship 19 times be­tween 1965 and 1989. He main­tains a top-10 world rank­ing for five con­sec­u­tive sea­son (1976/7 to 1980/1), the high­est, No 2, in 1978/9.

1940 — Cliff Richard, singer-song­writer and ac­tor, is born Harry Rodger Webb in Luc­know, Bri­tish In­dia. 1965 — SA signs a treaty with France on air­line pool­ing be­tween SAA and UTA (ab­sorbed by AirFrance be­tween 1990 and 1992).

1968 — Jim Hines, US sprinter, be­comes the first man to break the 10-sec­ond bar­rier in the 100m at the Mex­ico City Olympic Games, clock­ing 9.95s. 1992 — Two days be­fore his 56th birth­day, Rus­sia’s worst se­rial killer, An­drei Chikatilo (“Butcher of Ros­tov”), is con­victed of the sex­ual as­sault, mur­der and mu­ti­la­tion of 52 women and chil­dren be­tween 1978 and 1990 (hav­ing con­fessed to 56 mur­ders and tried for 53). He is ex­e­cuted on Fe­bru­ary 14 1994. 2005 — Daniel Craig, 37, is named the new 007.

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