Sunday Times

April 4 in History


1873 — The Kennel Club, the first official registry of purebred dogs in the world, is founded in the UK by Sewallis E Shirley after he became frustrated by trying to organise dog shows without a consistent set of rules.

1895 — Arthur Murray, the ballroom dancer who creates the worldwide Arthur Murray Dance Studio franchise, is born Moses Teichman in Podhajce, Kingdom of Galicia, Austro-Hungarian Empire. His family moves to the US in 1897 and he starts teaching dance in 1912 at the Grand Palace in NYC.

1922 — Elmer Bernstein, movie music composer, is born in NYC. His compositio­ns include some of the most recognisab­le and memorable themes in Hollywood history: “The Ten Commandmen­ts”

(1956), “The Magnificen­t Seven” (1960), “To Kill a Mockingbir­d” (1962), “The Great Escape” (1963) and the Oscar-winning “Thoroughly Modern Millie” (1967). 1932 — Anthony Perkins, actor (best remembered as Norman Bates in “Psycho”, 1960), is born in NYC. 1939 — Hugh Ramapolo Masekela, trumpeter, flugelhorn­ist, cornetist, singer and composer described as “the father of South African jazz”, is born in the township of KwaGuqa in Witbank. Known for his jazz compositio­ns, he also has a No 1 pop hit in the US in 1968 with his version of “Grazing in the Grass”. 1949 — The North Atlantic Treaty Organizati­on (Nato) is establishe­d with the signing of the North Atlantic Treaty by Belgium, Canada, Denmark,

France, Iceland, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherland­s, Norway, Portugal, the UK and the US. It provides for mutual defence against aggression and for close military co-operation.

1975 — Microsoft is founded as a partnershi­p between childhood friends Bill Gates and Paul Allen in Albuquerqu­e, New Mexico.

1976 — Sébastien Enjolras, one of the most promising French racing drivers of his generation, is born in Seclin. He dies, aged 21, on May 3 1997 on a pre-qualifying run for the 24 Hours of Le Mans in

June. The rear bodywork detaches from his car, which flies over the safety barriers, overturns and explodes. 1993 — Alfred Mosher Butts, architect and inventor of the board game Scrabble (1938), dies in Rhinebeck, New York — nine days before his 94th birthday.

1994 — James H Clark and Marc Andreessen found Mosaic (later Netscape) Communicat­ions Corp. They introduce the first widely used web browser.

2002 — The Angolan government and Unita rebels sign a peace treaty following the death of Unita leader Jonas Savimbi in a battle with government troops on February 22. It brings to an end the Angolan Civil War, which started on November 11 1975.

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