Poverty deepens under Trump government – UN
GENEVA: Poverty is extensive and deepening in the US under the Trump administration, whose policies seem aimed at removing the safety net from millions of poor while rewarding the rich, a UN human rights investigator has found.
Philip Alston, UN special rapporteur on extreme poverty, has called on American authorities to provide solid social protection and address underlying problems, rather than “punish and imprison the poor”.
While welfare benefits and access to health insurance are being slashed, President Donald Trump’s tax reform has awarded “financial windfalls” to the mega-rich and large companies, further increasing inequality, he said in a report.
US policies since President Lyndon Johnson’s war on poverty in the 1960s have been “neglectful at best”, he said.
“But the policies pursued over the past year seem deliberately designed to remove basic protections from the poorest, punish those who are not in employment and make even basic health care a privilege to be earned rather than a right of citizenship,” Alston said.
Almost 41 million people live in poverty, 18.5 million of them in extreme poverty, and children account for one in three poor, he said. The US has the highest youth poverty rate among industrialised countries, he added.
“Its citizens live shorter and sicker lives compared to those living in all other rich democracies, eradicable tropical diseases are increasingly prevalent and it has the world’s highest incarceration rate… and the highest obesity levels in the developed world,” Alston said.
However, the data from the US Census Bureau he cited covers only the period to 2016 and he gave no comparative figures on the extent of poverty before and after Trump came into office in January 2017.
The Australian, a veteran UN rights expert and New York University law professor, will present his report to the UN Human Rights Council this month.
It is based on his mission in December to several US states, including rural Alabama, a slum in downtown Los Angeles, California, and the US territory of Puerto Rico.
US officials in Geneva, Switzerland, were not immediately available for comment.
Citing “shameful statistics” linked to entrenched racial discrimination, Alston said that African Americans were
2.5 times more likely than whites to live in poverty and their unemployment rate was more than double. Women, Hispanics, immigrants and indigenous people also suffered high rates.
At least 550 000 people were homeless in America, he said. “The tax reform will worsen this situation and ensure that the US remains the most unequal society in the developed world,” Alston said. “The planned dramatic cuts in welfare will essentially shred crucial dimensions of a safety net that is already full of holes.”
The tax overhaul, which sailed through the Republicancontrolled US Congress in December, permanently cut the top corporate rate to 21% from 35%. Tax cuts for individuals, however, are temporary and expire after 2025.
Trump has said they would lead to more take-home pay for workers and touted bonuses some workers received from their employers as evidence the law was working.
Alston dismissed allegations of widespread fraud in the welfare system and criticised the US criminal justice system. It sets large bail bonds for a defendant seeking to go free pending trial, which meant wealthy suspects could afford bail while the poor remained in custody, often losing their jobs, he said.
“There is no magic recipe for eliminating extreme poverty and each level of government must make its own good-faith decisions. At the end of the day, however, particularly in a rich country like the US, the persistence of extreme poverty is a political choice made by those in power,” he said. – Reuters