The Mercury


- The Historian

1824 Retired Royal Navy officer, Lieutenant Francis Farewell, hoists the Union Jack at Port Natal and takes possession of the port for Britain.

1883 Krakatoa, west of Java, erupts, killing approximat­ely 40 000 people.

1896 Britain defeats Zanzibar in a 38-minute war, the shortest in history. 1900 During the Battle of Bergendal, British General Sir Redvers “Reverse” Buller defeats the Boers under General Louis Botha, in The battle will be remembered as the last set-piece battle of the Anglo Boer War. It was also the last time that the Boers’ four 155mm Long Tom guns were used in the same battle. 1912 Edgar Rice Burroughs publishes Tarzan of the Apes.

1941 The Shah of Iran abdicates the throne in favour of his son Mohammad Reza Pahlavi.

1928 Chief Mangosuthu Buthelezi, a Zulu prince, leader of the IFP, is born.

1950 The US announces acceptance of a South African offer to send a fighter squadron (No 2 Squadron, “the Flying Cheetahs”) to Korea.

1966 Francis Chichester sets off solo sail around world.

1979 The Earl Mountbatte­n of Burma, cousin to Queen Elizabeth II and last Viceroy of India, is killed by the IRA when his boat is blown up off Ireland,

1987 Three men accused of plotting to kidnap ANC leaders in London and flying them to South Africa claim the British government was involved.

1992 The former commander of the Simon’s Town naval base, Dieter Gerhard, is released from prison where he has been serving a life sentence since 1983 after being convicted of spying for the Soviet Union. He is deported to Switzerlan­d.

1996 Seven armed Iraqi hijackers surrender aboard a Sudanese airliner at London’s Stansted Airport, ending a 16hour drama.

2004 Zimbabwe acquits 66 of the suspected mercenarie­s of weapons offences charges but not ring-leader Simon Mann.

2017 Former five-weight world boxing champion Floyd Mayweather jr defeats MMA fighter Conor McGregor in his debut match in the 10th round in Las Vegas. |

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