Re­mem­ber­ing the past

The Mercury - - OPINION -

1094 Span­ish folk hero and na­tional icon El Cid oc­cu­pies Va­len­cia, cre­at­ing an in­de­pen­dent prin­ci­pal­ity, rul­ing over a plu­ral­is­tic so­ci­ety with the pop­u­lar sup­port of Chris­tians and Mus­lims alike.

1215 Eng­land’s King John signs Magna Carta at Run­nymede – the birth­place of mod­ern democ­racy, near Wind­sor, Eng­land. 1567 Repub­lic of Genoa ex­pels Jews. 1667 First hu­man blood trans­fu­sion ad­min­is­tered by Dr Jean-Bap­tiste Denys.

1785 Two French bal­loon­ists die in world’s first fa­tal avi­a­tion ac­ci­dent.

1834 Ri­ot­ing in Safed, Pales­tine, many Jews die.

1844 Charles Goodyear patents the vul­can­i­sa­tion of rub­ber, a process to strengthen rub­ber, thus paving the way for rub­ber car tyres.

1860 Florence Nightin­gale, doyen of the mod­ern nurs­ing pro­fes­sion, opens the first school for nurses in Lon­don. 1876 Ja­panese tsunamis kill 28 000 peo­ple. 1878 Ead­weard Muy­bridge takes a series of pho­to­graphs to prove that all four feet of a horse leave the ground when it runs; the study be­comes the ba­sis of mo­tion pic­tures.

1896 Ja­panese tsunami kills over 22 000 peo­ple.

1901 SA Con­stab­u­lary’s Sergeant J Rogers earns Vic­to­ria Cross near Thaba Nchu dur­ing An­gloBoer War.

1909 Eng­land, Aus­tralia and South Africa meet at Lord’s and form the Im­pe­rial Cricket Con­fer­ence, the In­ter­na­tional Cricket Con­fer­ence’s fore­run­ner.

1911 Tab­u­lat­ing Com­put­ing Record­ing Cor­po­ra­tion (In­ter­na­tional Busi­ness Ma­chines, or IBM) is in­cor­po­rated.

1915 Boer Gen­eral Chris­ti­aan de Wet was found guilty of high trea­son for his part in the 1914 Re­bel­lion.

1919 John Al­cock and Arthur Brown com­plete first non­stop transat­lantic flight.

1924 Ford Mo­tor Com­pany man­u­fac­tures its 10 mil­lionth au­to­mo­bile

1937 Ger­man ex­pe­di­tion loses 16 mem­bers in an avalanche on Nanga Par­bat, in Pak­istan. 1940 Al­lied troops start to evac­u­ate France. 1954 Uefa (Union des As­so­ci­a­tions Européennes de Football) is formed in Basle, Switzer­land.

1962 South Africa passes a bill set­ting death penalty for many crimes. 1964 Last French troops leave Al­ge­ria. 1974 De­fence min­is­ter PW Botha an­nounces the SADF has taken over from the po­lice in pa­trolling South West Africa’s north­ern bor­ders.

1978 King Hus­sein of Jor­dan mar­ries Amer­i­can Lisa Hal­aby; she be­comes Queen Noor.

1981 Six mem­bers of PAC jailed for 15 years by Tan­za­nia for killing of David Sibeko, PAC’s UN rep­re­sen­ta­tive. 1982 Ri­ots in Ar­gentina after Falk­lands de­feat. 1984 Two of the ‘Four Kings’ of box­ing, Tommy ‘The Hit­man’ Hearns and Roberto ‘Hands of Stone’ Du­ran meet. Hearns claims the KO.

1991 Mount Pi­natubo be­comes the sec­ond­largest vol­canic erup­tion of the 20th cen­tury.

1996 Sakhumzi Magxwal­isa, SA su­per fly­weight, wins the World Box­ing Union (WBU) world cham­pion ti­tle.

2000 Ro­man Catholic bishop Au­gustin Mis­ago, ac­cused of be­ing be­hind the 1994 Rwan­dan geno­cide, is cleared and set free.

2012 An Ap­ple I com­puter sells for a record $374 500.

2012 Nik Wal­lenda be­comes the first per­son to tightrope walk di­rectly over Ni­a­gara Falls.

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