Biose­cu­rity for small scale FARM­ERS

The Poultry Bulletin - - INTERNATIONAL NEWS - By Malesedi Mok­goatl­heng

F Sor small-scale farm­ers biose­cu­rity’s a big word

outh Africa’s poul­try pro­duc­ers rep­re­sent an im­por­tant sec­tor in an­i­mal agri­cul­ture, with back­yard flocks form­ing the ma­jor­ity among vil­lagers and small-scale farm­ers. Th­ese com­mu­ni­ties raise poul­try to meet house­hold food de­mands and pro­vide an ad­di­tional source of in­come.

For many of small-scale poul­try farm­ers, biose­cu­rity is a ‘big’ word that makes one think of govern­ment in­tru­sion, reg­u­la­tions and poli­cies. How­ever, biose­cu­rity is a ba­sic and fun­da­men­tal re­quire­ment that any­one rear­ing chick­ens should be aware of if they want to pro­tect their flock.

With lim­ited biose­cu­rity im­ple­men­ta­tion – or none at all, a back­yard or smallscale poul­try pro­ducer is at a high risk from in­fec­tious

dis­eases such as New­cas­tle dis­ease, sal­mo­nella, and Highly Path­o­genic Avian In­fluenza (HPAI).

To pre­vent and avoid th­ese in­fec­tious poul­try dis­eases, some of which are also a threat to hu­man health, na­tional flock health and the econ­omy, there is a need to im­ple­ment ba­sic biose­cu­rity mea­sures in small-scale back­yard chicken en­ter­prises. Biose­cu­rity should be a reg­u­lated stan­dard mea­sure, im­ple­mented in all pro­duc­tion fa­cil­i­ties or places that rear poul­try. It is the cheap­est and most ef­fec­tive method of dis­ease con­trol in poul­try.

What is biose­cu­rity?

is a mea­sure im­ple­mented in farms, mostly com­mer­cial, to pre­vent the in­tro­duc­tion and per­sis­tence of in­fec­tious agents through con­trol of traf­fic - both hu­man and ve­hi­cles, proper and ad­e­quate san­i­ta­tion, and iso­la­tion of flocks, par­tic­u­larly young chicks. Biose­cu­rity lit­er­ally means pro­vi­sion of safety to liv­ing things. ‘Bio’ refers to life and ‘Se­cu­rity’ means pro­tec­tion.

A year ago I was in­vited to a broiler farmer’s day in Polok­wane. This was a day to ed­u­cate and share in­for­ma­tion with smallscale farm­ers on broiler pro­duc­tion, man­age­ment and dis­ease preven­tion. I was given the op­por­tu­nity to do a pre­sen­ta­tion on biose­cu­rity as a form of dis­ease preven­tion to a broiler pro­ducer com­mu­nity lo­cated in Kga-matlala that was rear­ing and pro­duc­ing 5,500 birds per week, weigh­ing be­tween 370g and 400g at slaugh­ter.

To demon­strate how low the biose­cu­rity mea­sures were in th­ese flocks, the broiler houses were lo­cated and fenced with res­i­den­tial houses. There was no en­trance gate for hu­man

Newspapers in English

Newspapers from South Africa

© PressReader. All rights reserved.