Bird flu hits Scot­land

The Poultry Bulletin - - FRONT PAGE -

The Scots govern­ment has con­firmed an out­break of avian in­fluenza on a lo­cal farm in Fife, al­though ini­tial tests in­di­cate that it is the H5N1 low path­o­genic strain of the dis­ease.

To try and stop the dis­ease spread­ing, an ex­clu­sion zone of one kilo­me­tre has been es­tab­lished around the Crai­gies Poul­try Farm on the out­skirts of Dun­fermline, and the flock of 40,000 birds will be culled. Con­trols in­clude re­strict­ing the move­ment of poul­try, eggs, car­casses, used lit­ter and ma­nure.

This lat­est out­break fol­lows a num­ber of re­ported cases of bird flu across parts of Europe in re­cent months, in­clud­ing three in the UK last year.

"We have taken im­me­di­ate ac­tion to con­tain this case as part of our ro­bust pro­ce­dures for deal­ing swiftly with avian flu,” said Sheila Voas, Scot­land's Chief Ve­teri­nary Of­fi­cer.

"Ev­i­dence sug­gests this is a low sever­ity form of the virus how­ever we are tak­ing ac­tion to en­sure that the dis­ease does not spread or de­velop into a more se­vere form. "I would urge poul­try keep­ers in the sur­round­ing area to be vig­i­lant for any signs of dis­ease and to

en­sure they are main­tain­ing good biose­cu­rity on their premises."

Dr Jim Mcme­namin, con­sul­tant epi­demi­ol­o­gist and res­pi­ra­tory in­fec­tion lead for Health Pro­tec­tion Scot­land, said this strain of avian in­fluenza, to­gether with the ac­tions that have been taken, means the the risk to hu­man health is con­sid­ered very low.

"Health Pro­tec­tion Scot­land con­tin­ues to work closely with An­i­mal Health through­out this in­ves­ti­ga­tion," he said.¡

Go­ing green and on­line in 2016

Mar­ket re­search just re­leased has sug­gested that pro­duc­ers need to fo­cus on sus­tain­able, en­vi­ron­men­tally friendly pro­duc­tion on the one hand and an e-com­merce path to mar­ket on the other.

Mar­ket re­search com­pany Min­tel says live­stock from sus­tain­able sources and a move by con­sumers to­wards on­line shop­ping are two of the pri­mary trends for 2016. Pro­duc­ers there­fore should con­sider the im­por­tance of en­vi­ron­men­tal sus­tain­abil­ity in their op­er­a­tions and the im­por­tance of com­mu­ni­cat­ing this as con­sumers have an ever-in­creas­ing num­ber of food buy­ing op­tions on­line.¡

French AI out­break slows

Fol­low­ing the de­tec­tion of sev­eral out­breaks of highly path­o­genic avian in­fluenza in France, the num­ber of cases has in­creased by only 1 to a to­tal of 65 ac­cord­ing to the French Depart­ment of Agri­cul­ture, in­di­cat­ing that the out­break is un­der con­trol.

First de­tected in the Dor­dogne, the HPAI quickly spread to other re­gions, al­though around 50% of the new in­ci­dences re­ported were found dur­ing the com­pul­sory in­spec­tion of birds des­tined for slaugh­ter. Re­stric­tions cur­rently in place on the trans­port and ex­port of birds and hatching eggs are still in force, and will re­main so un­til fur­ther no­tice.¡

Deadly AI in­fects Chi­nese

Viet­nam has sounded the alarm as re­ports sur­face of as many as six peo­ple in

China con­tract­ing the deadly H9N2 and H7N9 strains of avian in­fluenza, first de­tected in China two years ago and re­garded by the WHO as “an un­usu­ally dan­ger­ous virus for hu­mans”.

The Viet­namese govern­ment has stepped up its sur­veil­lance and anal­y­sis of the sit­u­a­tion, while si­mul­ta­ne­ously em­bark­ing on a pub­lic aware­ness cam­paign and im­prov­ing med­i­cal ser­vices to pre­pare for any even­tu­al­ity.¡

Ukraine bans Rus­sian im­ports

In a re­tal­ia­tory move against Rus­sian meat em­bar­gos, the Ukraine has im­posed a to­tal ban on 43 agri­cul­tural prod­ucts from her neigh­bour. Th­ese in­clude pork and poul­try, the amounts of which ac­cord­ing to Rus­sia’s Min­istry of Agri­cul­ture are “in­signif­i­cant”.

Un­for­tu­nately for the Ukraine, while poul­try has al­ter­na­tive ex­port mar­kets, Rus­sia had pre­vi­ously bought all the coun­try’s pork pro­duc­tion, so the trade war is likely to hurt the Ukraine the most.¡

Health gi­ants to merge?

Ne­go­ti­a­tions be­tween Me­rial, the an­i­mal health divi­sion of Sanofi, and Boehringer In­gel­heim are un­der­way in a pro­posed trans­ac­tion that will po­si­tion Boehringer as the sec­ond­largest sup­plier of vac­cines and other phar­ma­ceu­ti­cal prod­ucts to the poul­try and pork sec­tors. If suc­cess­ful, the merger will con­clude to­wards the end of 2016.¡

Chicken ma­nure used for en­vi­ron­men­tal ob­jec­tives

The poul­try in­dus­try emits an­nu­ally 600 mil­lion tons of CO2, 65% of which can be re­duced by us­ing Poul-ar tech­nol­ogy de­vel­oped by Dutch com­pany Colsen BV.

The tech­nol­ogy con­verts chicken ma­nure into re­new­able en­ergy and fer­tilis­ers, thus re­duc­ing green­house gas emis­sions while pro­duc­ing valu­able fer­tiliser for the world­wide food sup­pli­ers - a per­fect ex­am­ple of a cir­cu­lar econ­omy where sale of the prod­uct is eco­nom­i­cally in­ter­est­ing for poul­try farm­ers them­selves.

There are 79 mil­lion chick­ens in the Nether­lands. Their ma­nure can pro­vide 426,000 Mwh/year of elec­tric­ity to 127,000 house­holds. Ad­di­tion­ally, 40 mil­lion kg of ni­tro­gen and 13 mil­lion kg of phos­phate are re­cov­ered from the ma­nure an­nu­ally. The ni­tro­gen fer­tiliser re­places ar­ti­fi­cial fer­tilis­ers that con­sume a great deal of en­ergy to pro­duce. The phos­phate-fer­tiliser re­places the one from the fi­nite phos­phate rock.

The Poul-ar tech­nol­ogy is based on ni­tro­gen re­moval from poul­try ma­nure via two con­sec­u­tive bi­o­log­i­cal and chem­i­cal pro­cesses. The ni­tro­gen re­leased as am­mo­nia is re­cov­ered as a ni­tro­gen fer­tiliser, while the ma­nure is then di­gested to pro­duce bio­gas. This bio­gas is sub­se­quently con­verted into the elec­tric­ity and heat. Ap­prox­i­mately 15% of the elec­tric­ity is re­quired for the own Poul-ar pro­cesses, with all the re­leased heat re­cov­ered and used to make the fer­tilis­ers.¡

Iraq bans SA poul­try

Not­with­stand­ing the fact the AI has not pre­sented in South Africa’s chicken flocks, Iraq has ex­tended a ban on im­ports of all lo­cal fresh and frozen chicken from the coun­try. The Iraqi govern­ment has in­cluded South Africa with coun­tries where HPAI has been de­tected, in­clud­ing France, China, Viet­nam, Nige­ria, Ghana, Is­rael, In­dia, Mex­ico and Egypt.¡

Rus­sia set for Ira­nian ex­ports

The new year will see Rus­sia set to ex­port beef and poul­try to Iran from mid-jan­uary, while Ira­nian com­pa­nies could be given duty-free ac­cess for poul­try meat to Rus­sia, Kaza­khstan, Ar­me­nia and Kyr­gyzs­tan.

“We are of­fer­ing to im­prove terms of trade for Ira­nian busi­nesses, mean­ing a drop and, in some cases, even the abo­li­tion of cus­toms tar­iffs, es­pe­cially for agri­cul­tural prod­ucts,” said Rus­sia’s Eco­nomic De­vel­op­ment Min­is­ter Alexei Ulyukayev.¡

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