Uni­ver­sity of Arkansas study

The Poultry Bulletin - - LOCAL NEWS -

In a sim­i­lar study it was found that adding eggs to the di­ets of 6 to 8-year old chil­dren in un­der­nour­ished ar­eas in ru­ral Uganda in­creased their height and weight.

When it comes to hav­ing a pos­i­tive ef­fect on phys­i­cal growth, two eggs are bet­ter than one, and one egg is bet­ter than hav­ing no source of pro­tein and nu­tri­ents crit­i­cal to growth and de­vel­op­ment, ac­cord­ing to this pi­lot study con­ducted by Uni­ver­sity of Arkansas Sys­tem Di­vi­sion of Agri­cul­ture re­searchers. The study fo­cused on three schools in the ru­ral Kit­gum dis­trict of north­ern Uganda.

“Coun­tries in sub­sa­ha­ran Africa have a high preva­lence of chil­dren that are un­der­weight with sig­nif­i­cant stunt­ing of growth,” said Jamie Baum, one of the au­thors, adding that mi­cronu­tri­ents are crit­i­cal to phys­i­cal and cog­ni­tive de­vel­op­ment.

“Eggs are an in­ex­pen­sive source of 13 es­sen­tial mi­cronu­tri­ents and a good source of high-qual­ity pro­tein, which makes them an ideal can­di­date for im­ple­men­ta­tion into a school feed­ing pro­gram,” re­searchers said.

The school chil­dren, be­tween ages 6 and 8, were pro­vided with hard-boiled eggs five days a week and their growth was tracked by mea­sur­ing height, weight, midup­per arm cir­cum­fer­ence and tri­cep skin­fold thick­ness. The study found that all chil­dren grew in both height and weight, but chil­dren who had two eggs a day had sig­nif­i­cantly higher growth at the end of six months than those who had one egg and the group who re­ceived no eggs showed the least growth.

The team could demon­strate that eggs, given as a sup­ple­ment to their diet five days a week, im­proved the pa­ram­e­ters of growth in school-aged chil­dren par­tic­i­pat­ing in school feed­ing pro­grams in ru­ral Uganda.¡

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