Africans created civilization – Egypt is a prime example
They didn’t wait for Europeans to civilize them, writes Sam Ditshego
WHETHER one believes in creation or evolution, do people ever wonder what the first people on Earth thought about life in general? What they thought about procreation, religion, the environment and science? Christians believe, for example, that Adam and Eve were the first people on Earth. Evolutionists believe in the evolution of the hominids which are humans and their fossil ancestors. They are, in chronological order, and
One of Africa’s foremost anthropologists, historian, linguist, scientist and Egyptologist Dr Cheikh Anta Diop, wrote that humanity was born on the African continent and that
or modern man appeared between 200 000 and 150 000 years ago and went to populate the other continents. Western historiography holds that Africa was a backward and uncivilised continent with no history and there are people who still believe in this theory.
If it’s true that Africa is the cradle of humanity and the first to be inhabited by human beings, did they wait all these years for Europeans to civilise them about 500 years ago, as some people were made to believe, or did they go on with their lives and created civilizations?
Ancient Egypt is one of the civilizations created on the continent by Africans. There is Nubia, Ethiopia and many other civilizations in west, east and southern Africa. The Munhumotapa Empire whose seat of government was in Great Zimbabwe and the adjacent Mapungubwe are palpable evidence of some of these great African civilizations.
By 4025 Before the Common Era (BCE), Africans had already invented the calendar we are using today with minor modification; they invented time and divided the day in 12 equal hours. The Egyptian calendar had 365 and a ¼ days. The four ¼ add up to one, making 366 days, which explains the idea of a leap year. The Mesopotamian calendar had 13 months, it wasn’t as accurate as the Egyptian calendar.
When there was an eclipse in Mesopotamia their king was confused and sent emissaries to Egypt to go and ask what was happening and the Egyptian priests gave an explanation. Yet there are Europeans or whites who think Africans had been waiting all this time for them to “civilise” Africans.
African women invented agriculture more than 17 000 years ago and the first recorded queens in the world were from Africa. Imhotep is the first recorded physician in the world not Hippocrates. Imhotep is an African name whose meaning is “He who comes in peace”.
Ancient Egyptian language is an African language that is genetically, morphologically and syntactically related to the other languages on the continent such as Wolof, spoken in Senegal.
In his book published in 1836, Godfrey Higgins wrote that nations and religions derive from a great black empire. This comes from Higgins, a white man. If nations and religions derived from a great black empire then Europeans could not have brought civilization and Christianity to the African continent. In the Yosef ben-Jochannan demonstrates the source of all the major Western religions is Africa.
If one looks at Wallis E A Budge’s
or the which predates the Bible by 1 500 years, it is clear that the Bible was copied from that book. Christians interpreted ancient Egyptian religious texts literally, for example, the story of immaculate conception, when they are allegorical. That is why they fail to explain them convincingly.
Those who are interested in Africa’s medical history should read about the ancient Egyptian genius Imhotep. The medical writings of Imhotep, who is known as Egyptian God of Medicine, are the oldest medical documents written. His books were stolen from Africa and are presently at Karl Marx University in Leipzig, Germany. The work of Imhotep is attributed to Hippocrates.
It was reported in the Edinburgh Medical Journal, volume 20, April 1884, pages 922-930, that in 1879, a British traveller, R W Felkin, witnessed a Caesarean section performed by Ugandans. The healer used banana wine to semi-intoxicate the woman and to cleanse his hands and her abdomen prior to surgery. He used a midline incision and applied cautery to minimise haemorrhaging. He massaged the uterus to make it contract but did not suture it. The abdominal wound was pinned with iron needles and dressed with a paste prepared from roots. The patient recovered well, and Felkin concluded that this technique was well-developed and had clearly been employed for a long time. Similar reports come from Rwanda, where botanical preparations were also used to anaesthetise the patient and promote wound healing.
When the Arabs came to Egypt in the 7th century in the Common Era (CE), all the elements of Egyptian civilization were already in place. Therefore they have nothing to do with ancient Egyptian civilization. Moreover, the ancient Egyptian writing is different from the Arabic script and their languages are different. Ancient Egyptian language, as I have already indicated, is African whereas Arabic is an Indo-European language.
Dr Cheikh Diop explains that throughout the transformations in the African people’s relations with the rest of the world, it became increasingly difficult each day and even inadmissible, for those unaware of his past glory – and for blacks themselves – to believe that they could have originated the first civilization which flowered on Earth, a civilization to which humanity owes most of its progress.
Some people may ask, and rightly so, why are Africans in the situation they are in today if they originated the first civilization on Earth?
Explaining circumstances surrounding slavery and the situation of Africans, Diop wrote that since history had disrupted the African’s former equilibrium with the environment, the black now found a new equilibrium, differing from the first in the absence of a technique no longer vital to the social, political and moral organisation.
With economic resources assured by means that did not require perpetual inventions, the Negro became progressively indifferent to material progress. Diop said it was under these new conditions that the encounter with Europe took place. The social and moral order was on the same level of perfection. On the other hand, for all the reasons Diop cited, technical development was less stressed than in Europe. Although Africans were the first to discover iron, they had not built cannons; the secret of gunpowder was known only to the Egyptian priests, who used it solely for religious purposes.
GREETING THE PAST: Dr Lee Burger shares a light moment with a replica of the skull of the newly discovered at a special press briefing at Maropeng.