WHAT WAS THE COLD WAR?
The Cold War refers to the tension that existed between Western democratic and Eastern communist countries from 1947 to 1991. On one “side” was the Soviet Union and most Eastern European states (called the Eastern Bloc), on the other was the United States of America (USA) and countries in Western Europe (called the West). After World War 2 Germany and its capital Berlin were divided into two separate states, West Germany with Western allegiance and East Germany with Eastern Bloc allegiance.
Most other countries in the world sided with either the West or the Eastern Bloc. The Cold War never turned into real combat, but both sides were scared the other faction would launch a nuclear attack, so they armed themselves heavily with nuclear warheads, war rockets and spying satellites. THE IRON CURTAIN The West and Eastern Bloc in Europe. The imaginary border between the two was called the Iron Curtain.