Vom­it­ing

Your Baby & Toddler - - A-Z Guide -

Oc­curs when the throat and stom­ach mus­cles ac­tively con­tract­ing to eject the con­tents of the stom­ach. Vom­it­ing in ba­bies should not be con­fused with re­flux, which is the pas­sive spit­ting up food (see “R”).

It is nor­mal for ba­bies and chil­dren to vomit oc­ca­sion­ally. It is usu­ally re­lated to gas­troen­teri­tis and will pass in a few days. This isn’t harm­ful un­less your child be­comes de­hy­drated.

How­ever, vom­it­ing can some­times be a sign of another un­der­ly­ing prob­lem, such as a food al­lergy or a uri­nary tract in­fec­tion. More rarely, it can be a sign of some­thing quite se­ri­ous, such as pneu­mo­nia, menin­gi­tis, ap­pen­dici­tis or poi­son­ing. It is al­ways best to seek med­i­cal at­ten­tion to rule out any­thing se­ri­ous if the vom­it­ing con­tin­ues for more than a day or is ac­com­pa­nied by other symp­toms.

Symp­toms

In­vol­un­tary “ejec­tion” of stom­ach con­tents.

Treat­ment

In most cases, you can treat your child safely at home by push­ing flu­ids (in­clud­ing oral re­hy­dra­tion so­lu­tions) and watch­ing for signs of de­hy­dra­tion (see “D”).

Con­sult your doc­tor or clinic if your child has been vom­it­ing for more than a day.

Seek ur­gent med­i­cal at­ten­tion if your child is vom­it­ing and:

• Show­ing signs of de­hy­dra­tion (see “D”).

• Is floppy, lethar­gic or ir­ri­ta­ble.

• Has se­vere pain in the ab­domen.

• Has a headache, stiff neck and/or rash.

• Has green vomit.

• Vomit con­tains blood.

Newspapers in English

Newspapers from South Africa

© PressReader. All rights reserved.