He Your Baby Fam­ily Emer­gency, In­jury Preven­tion and Safety Guide is de­signed for use in an emer­gency. We sug­gest that you read these pages care­fully. If you keep your­self fa­mil­iar with emer­gency pro­ce­dures by read­ing this book­let

Your Baby & Toddler - - 2016 FAMILY EMERGENCY -

ef­forts of its al­lies to re­duce ac­ci­den­tal in­juries.

Chil­dren un­der the age of five are at par­tic­u­lar risk for in­juries, but all age groups are af­fected. Sta­tis­ti­cally, more boys than girls die from in­juries and the most com­mon in­clude traf­fic ac­ci­dents, drown­ing, burns, falls and poi­son­ing. Not sur­pris­ingly, most in­juries in young chil­dren hap­pen in or around their homes. You can eas­ily take steps to help pre­vent this from hap­pen­ing:

Many se­ri­ous in­juries can be pre­vented if par­ents or care­givers su­per­vise chil­dren prop­erly and keep their en­vi­ron­ments ac­cept­ably safe.

Young chil­dren are at risk on or near roads. Chil­dren should not play on or near the road and should al­ways have some­one older with them when they are near to, or cross­ing a road.

Wear­ing a hel­met when on a bi­cy­cle, mo­tor­cy­cle or quad bike is a non­nego­tiable, and es­pe­cially for your chil­dren.

Chil­dren must be se­curely strapped into an age-ap­pro­pri­ate child re­straint seat when be­ing trans­ported in a ve­hi­cle.

Chil­dren can drown in less than two min­utes and in a very small amount of wa­ter, even in a bath­tub. Never leave them alone in or near wa­ter.

Burns can be pre­vented by keep­ing chil­dren away from fires, cook­ing stoves, hot liq­uids and hot foods.

Falls are a ma­jor cause of in­jury for lit­tle ones. Stairs, bal­conies, roofs, win­dows, and play and sleep­ing ar­eas should be made safe, us­ing bar­ri­ers with safe ver­ti­cal bars to pro­tect chil­dren from fall­ing.

Medicines, poi­sons, in­sec­ti­cides, bleach, acids, liq­uid fer­til­iz­ers and fuels (like paraf­fin), should be stored care­fully out of chil­dren’s sight and reach.

Young chil­dren like to put things in their mouths. To pre­vent chok­ing, small ob­jects, such as coins, nuts and but­tons, should be kept out of their reach.

leg­is­la­tion around the in­stal­la­tion of elec­tric gates. Au­to­matic gates can be deadly, es­pe­cially if they are not in­stalled cor­rectly, or if safety de­vices are not in­stalled as part of the sys­tem. At its most fun­da­men­tal level, an au­to­matic gate is roughly 227kg of metal be­ing moved with a re­spectable amount of force and speed by a mostly mind­less ma­chine. If care is not taken to en­sure that the sys­tem is safe, it is un­nerv­ingly easy for some­one to be se­ri­ously in­jured or killed by a drive­way gate. Don’t let it hap­pen to your chil­dren.

Gates should be set to backpedal if they hap­pen to hit some­one or some­thing. A pro­fes­sional gate in­staller will be able to guide you through a se­lec­tion of the proper safety de­vices for your sys­tem.

The gates should have sen­sors that can stop them if some­thing has been de­tected in their path. This could be light beams (pho­to­elec­tric de­vices) that stop the gates be­fore they reach an ob­sta­cle.

If there are parts of the gates where some­one could be­come trapped or get crushed while it is mov­ing, these need be pro­tected. Peo­ple could get in­jured as the bars of the gates pass the gatepost.

All elec­tric gates must have an emer­gency re­lease mech­a­nism in case some­one gets trapped.

All the safety de­vices and fea­tures should be checked on a reg­u­lar ba­sis and in ac­cor­dance with the man­u­fac­turer’s in­struc­tions to en­sure that they con­tinue to func­tion as de­signed to en­sure that safety is main­tained.

Pre­vent unau­tho­rised ac­cess by en­sur­ing that only adults have ac­cess to the con­trols. Op­er­a­tor covers should at all times be locked in place and the keys kept in a safe lo­ca­tion.

Keep the area of travel clear by first en­sur­ing that no chil­dren or pets are in the vicin­ity be­fore

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