COLD & FLU CHART

Armed with knowl­edge you can for­mu­late your at­tack this win­ter, says pae­di­a­tri­cian Dr Paul Sin­clair

Your Baby & Toddler - - The Dossier -

WHEN TO SEE THE DOC­TOR

The flu can be very dan­ger­ous for chil­dren. Each year thou­sands of chil­dren un­der five are hos­pi­talised with flu com­pli­ca­tions such as pneu­mo­nia, which is why par­ents should know the warn­ing signs be­fore things have gone too far. If your child is un­der five or has a med­i­cal con­di­tion like asthma, di­a­betes, or a neu­ro­logic prob­lem, or was not able to be vac­ci­nated for some rea­son, call your doc­tor right away. These chil­dren are at higher risk of se­ri­ous com­pli­ca­tions from flu. Like­wise, if your baby is younger than six months and has a high tem­per­a­ture which does not set­tle with sim­ple flu-fight­ing strate­gies, seek med­i­cal at­ten­tion. Ad­di­tional warn­ing signs that war­rant a visit to the doc­tor: ✓ Fast breath­ing or trou­ble breath­ing. ✓ Lethargy, not wak­ing up or not in­ter­act­ing with you. ✓ Bluish skin colour. ✓ A tem­per­a­ture of 40°C or higher or fever with a rash. ✓ Not drink­ing enough flu­ids and mak­ing fewer nap­pies than usual. ✓ Un­able to keep flu­ids down. ✓ Be­ing so ir­ri­ta­ble that she does not want to be held. ✓ Flu symp­toms that im­prove but re­turn with fever and a worse cough. ✓ A sus­pected ear­ache (she may pull on her ear and fuss.) ✓ Cold symp­toms for longer than a week or a cough that does not go away within three days. ✓ Force­ful vom­it­ing after feed­ings or for more than 12 hours, also has di­ar­rhoea and a fever. ✓ Yel­low or green nasal mu­cus. YB

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