HOW TO PERFORM CARDIOPULMONARY RESUSCITATION (CPR) ON A BABY*
*Guidelines from the University of Washington School of Medicine
1 SHOUT AND TAP
If your baby is unresponsive and she is not breathing, or not breathing normally, put her on her back and begin CPR. “CPR should not be interrupted for more than 10 seconds at a time,” cautions Nick van der Walt of the NOSA Action Training Academy.
2 GIVE 30 COMPRESSIONS
Give 30 gentle chest compressions at about two pushes per second. Use two or three fingers in the centre of the chest just below the nipples. Press down one-third the depth of the chest (about 3-4cm).
3 OPEN THE AIRWAY
Open the airway by lifting the baby’s chin.
4 GIVE TWO GENTLE BREATHS
If the baby is not breathing or not breathing normally, cover the baby’s mouth and nose with your mouth and give two gentle breaths. Each breath should be about one second long and you should be able to see the baby’s chest rise with the breath. “Five sets of CPR (30 compressions per set) and five rescue breath attempts (ten breaths in total) should be performed, which should take around two minutes to complete,” says van der Walt. “Reassess pulse and breathing after that. If you can feel a pulse but no breathing, continue rescue breathing at a rate of 12 breaths per minute.” Continue with the compressions and breaths until help arrives.