TYPES OF FER­TIL­ITY TREAT­MENT

Your Pregnancy - - Pregnancy Files -

In-vitro fer­til­i­sa­tion – fer­til­is­ing the egg out­side the body. This means hav­ing hor­monal treat­ment to stim­u­late the ripen­ing of more than one egg. Eggs and sperm are left in a dish at body temperature and are al­lowed to fer­tilise over the next five to six days. Em­bryos are then trans­ferred into the womb. In­tra-cy­to­plas­mic sperm in­jec­tion is used when sperm count is very low. The sperm is mi­cro­scop­i­cally in­jected into the egg. These are left to in­cu­bate for five to six days be­fore be­ing trans­ferred into the womb. Gamete in­tra-fal­lop­ian trans­fer – eggs and sperm are ar­ti­fi­cially placed into the Fal­lop­ian tube where fer­til­i­sa­tion hap­pens nat­u­rally. Zy­gote in­tra-fal­lop­ian trans­fer is when a one-day em­bryo (called a zy­gote) is trans­ferred into the Fal­lop­ian tube. De­pend­ing on your age, cause of in­fer­til­ity and risks, your spe­cial­ist will ad­vise which treat­ment would be best. Some in­fer­til­ity fa­cil­i­ties of­fer PGS or pre-im­plan­ta­tion ge­netic screen­ing that checks tens of thou­sands of ge­netic mark­ers to en­sure a nor­mal, healthy em­bryo and a healthy full-term preg­nancy. PGD (pre-im­plan­ta­tion ge­netic di­ag­no­sis) can de­tect some in­her­ited ge­netic dis­eases.

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