TYPES OF FERTILITY TREATMENT
In-vitro fertilisation – fertilising the egg outside the body. This means having hormonal treatment to stimulate the ripening of more than one egg. Eggs and sperm are left in a dish at body temperature and are allowed to fertilise over the next five to six days. Embryos are then transferred into the womb. Intra-cytoplasmic sperm injection is used when sperm count is very low. The sperm is microscopically injected into the egg. These are left to incubate for five to six days before being transferred into the womb. Gamete intra-fallopian transfer – eggs and sperm are artificially placed into the Fallopian tube where fertilisation happens naturally. Zygote intra-fallopian transfer is when a one-day embryo (called a zygote) is transferred into the Fallopian tube. Depending on your age, cause of infertility and risks, your specialist will advise which treatment would be best. Some infertility facilities offer PGS or pre-implantation genetic screening that checks tens of thousands of genetic markers to ensure a normal, healthy embryo and a healthy full-term pregnancy. PGD (pre-implantation genetic diagnosis) can detect some inherited genetic diseases.