Although the beginning of 2017 has been characterised by an upward trend in vehicle production levels — which already suggest the successful manufacture of the target three million units, barring any major surprises between now and year’s end — the Spanish automotive industry views the short-term future with trepidation. A number of political changes appear to be steering the world towards a tumultuous period in terms of the economy and trade. As ANFAC (Asociación Española de Fabricantes de Automóviles y Camiones – National Association of Automobile and Truck Manufacturers) expressed at the end of January, the return to protectionist policies in several key markets that import vehicles made in Spain constitutes a clear reason to be wary. In this respect, although the US market exerts little influence on the vast majority of Spanish factories, recent shrinkage in the British market is having an impact. Similarly, while the production levels registered in the Algerian market in recent years had given cause for contentment, tariffs adopted by the North African country have since put a damper on the situation. In the current scenario, industrial plans — such as the one running through to 2020 launched by Renault in Spain — might need to be regularly revised and updated. Nevertheless, the OEM’s programme could be considered exemplary in continuing to drive demonstrated competitiveness in a new environment fraught with uncertainty.