Ir­reg­u­lar past par­tici­ples

Costa Blanca News (South Edition) - - Basic Spanish -

We are now con­tin­u­ing our quest to learn how to talk about the re­cent past in Span­ish, and a few other things be­sides, by form­ing the past par­tici­ple of verbs.

There are ac­tu­ally quite a few things to say about all of this, which will take a few ar­ti­cles.

Whilst the pic­ture is still in­com­plete, you will prob­a­bly have all sorts of ques­tions, but if you wait, you may well find them an­swered as we go along.

So for to­day, we will just talk about the for­ma­tion of the past par­tici­ple and give a few ex­am­ples at the end of the sorts of sen­tences we are aim­ing at so that you’re not left com­pletely in the dark.

We saw last week that in the case of reg­u­lar verbs, that is most of them, we take the two let­ter end­ings off our in­fini­tive verbs and make a sim­ple change with them. The –ar end­ing be­comes – ado; and the –er and –ir end­ings be­come – ido. This gives us, for ex­am­ple: to speak -’hablar’, spo­ken - ‘hablado’; to drink – ‘be­ber’, drunk - ‘be­bido’; to sleep ‘dormir’, slept - ‘dormido’.

Now this is very sim­ple in­deed, but there are a few ir­reg­u­lar verbs as well to think about.

Hap­pily they are very com­mon, so we tend to get to know them quite quickly. Here are some of them:

Abrir (to (opened)

Escribir (writ­ten)

De­cir (to say/to tell) (said/told)

Hacer (to make/to do) (made/done) Morir (to die) muerto (died) Ver (to see/to watch) visto (seen/watched) open) (to write) abierto es­crito di­cho he­cho (to re­turn) (re­turned)

Volver

I feel I can go no fur­ther with­out given you ac­tual ex­am­ples of how these things are used, on the un­der­stand­ing that more will be ex­plained next time, par­tic­u­lar re­gard­ing the trans­la­tion of ‘have’ and ‘has’ in these sen­tences. Here we go: He hablado con mi ve­cino. have spo­ken to my neigh­bour.

Has es­crito una carta. You have writ­ten a let­ter

Ha dormido bien. slept well.

He­mos visto la película. have seen the film.

Habéis vuelto de va­ca­ciones. You have come back from hol­i­day.

Han be­bibo mucha cerveza. They have drunk a lot of beer.

Be­fore next week, prac­tise form­ing some more past par­tici­ples. vuelto I He has We

Here are some verbs we have al­ready learnt to get you started. They are all reg­u­lar so you should do them in a jiffy:

Traba­jar, coci­nar, bailar, apren­der, comer, fir­mar, vis­i­tar, tener, com­prar, con­ducir, ir, cam­biar.

Escribir

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