The risk-fac­tors for breast cancer

Daily Mirror (Sri Lanka) - - FEATURES -

Cer­tain con­di­tions in­crease women’s risk of de­vel­op­ing breast cancer. How­ever many women with breast cancer do not have spe­cific iden­ti­fi­able risk fac­tors apart from be­ing a fe­male and grow­ing older. Some of the risk fac­tors are given be­low. - Fe­male gen­der

- Women over the age of 50.

- At­tained menar­che be­fore 12 years of age and menopause af­ter 50 years of age.

- Use of oral con­tra­cep­tive pills (OCP) or hor­mone re­place­ment ther­apy.

- First child birth af­ter 30 years of age

- Hav­ing rel­a­tives who had cancer of breast ovary, uterus, bowel and rec­tum.

- Obe­sity

- High con­sump­tion of an­i­mal fat and oily food

- Smok­ing (both ac­tive and pas­sive) and al­co­hol con­sump­tion. - Se­den­tary life­style and low phys­i­cal ac­tiv­ity

- Those who had ra­di­a­tion to chest in the past

K.A.D. Chan­dra Ku­mari Gu­nawar­dana

Nurs­ing Of­fi­cer, N.C.T.H.

Ragama.

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