Fer­til­ity rates around the world are de­clin­ing: Study

Daily Mirror (Sri Lanka) - - TOP STORIES FROM AROUND THE WORLD -

BY RICK NOACK(C)2018,THE WASH­ING­TON POST NOV 09, 2018 - Al­most half of all coun­tries have fer­til­ity rates be­low the re­place­ment level, ac­cord­ing to an un­prece­dented study pub­lished by The Lancet jour­nal. While there was not a sin­gle na­tion with a fer­til­ity rate be­low the 2.05 thresh­old back in 1950, the global aver­age is now only 2.4 - down from 4.7 about 70 years ago.

Dif­fer­ences be­tween na­tions have be­come more pro­nounced, with some Euro­pean coun­tries hav­ing record-low rates down to one child per woman on aver­age, com­pared to more than six chil­dren in some African na­tions.

Alarmed by con­tin­u­ously drop­ping fig­ures, some EU gov­ern­ments have taken dras­tic mea­sures. Italy’s Health Min­istry launched an ad cam­paign two years ago to re­mind peo­ple that Sept. 22 was “fer­til­ity day.” Other coun­tries have sought to ad­dress the is­sue by fo­cus­ing on ed­u­ca­tion.

But this week’s study raises se­ri­ous doubts over the im­pact of such poli­cies or pro­pos­als.

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