World Oceans Day

Daily Mirror (Sri Lanka) - - JUNIOR MIRROR - By Ri­haab Mowlana Source : In­ter­net

World Oceans Day was cel­e­brated world­wide last week, on the 8th of June. This an­nual cel­e­bra­tion fo­cuses on pro­tect­ing and con­serv­ing the world’s oceans.

WHY IS WORLD OCEANS DAY IM­POR­TANT?

When you think of the ocean, one of the first things that may come to mind is the many times you would have headed to the beach, the whales and the sharks. You may re­call all the fun times you had. But this is not the sole pur­pose of the ocean. It is much more than a habi­tat for its in­hab­i­tants.

In the large scheme of things, the ocean pro­vides us with many re­sources and ser­vices in­clud­ing oxy­gen, cli­mate reg­u­la­tion, food sources, medicine, and more. This is why World Oceans Day is an im­por­tant day. Not only does it raise aware­ness about many of the is­sues re­lated to the ocean, but it also pro­vides an op­por­tu­nity to take per­sonal and com­mu­nity ac­tion to con­serve the ocean and its re­sources.

In 1987, the Brundt­land Re­port noted that the ocean sec­tor lacked a strong voice com­pared to other sec­tors. In­spired by this re­port, the con­cept was orig­i­nally pro­posed in 1992 by Canada’s In­ter­na­tional Cen­tre for Ocean De­vel­op­ment (ICOD) and the Ocean In­sti­tute of Canada (OIC) at the Earth Sum­mit – UN Con­fer­ence on En­vi­ron­ment and De­vel­op­ment (UNCED) in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.

WHAT IS THIS YEAR’S THEME?

The theme for World Oceans Day 2019 is “Gen­der and the Ocean.” This year, the fo­cus is on how im­por­tant it is for there to be ‘gen­der equal­ity’ in con­ser­va­tion ef­forts. While this field has many males in­volved, women are also able to con­trib­ute be­cause they pos­sess as many tal­ents. It is hoped that this year’s theme will help women and girls feel em­pow­ered to join these ef­forts in con­serv­ing the world’s oceans. More re­cently, the im­por­tance of gen­der equal­ity, ‘in par­tic­u­lar for the ef­fec­tive con­ser­va­tion and sus­tain­able use of oceans, seas and ma­rine re­sources’ is in­creas­ingly be­ing rec­og­nized. In sum­mary, the 2019 edi­tion of ‘World Oceans Day will strive to build greater ocean and gen­der lit­er­acy and dis­cover pos­si­ble ways to pro­mote gen­der equal­ity in ocean-re­lated ac­tiv­i­ties such as ma­rine sci­en­tific re­search, fish­eries, labour at sea, mi­gra­tion by sea and hu­man traf­fick­ing, pol­icy-mak­ing and man­age­ment’.

DID YOU KNOW?

Sri Lanka’s Asha De Vos is a ma­rine bi­ol­o­gist, ocean ed­u­ca­tor and pioneer of blue whale re­search within the north­ern In­dian Ocean. She re­ceived the Pres­i­dent’s Award for Sci­en­tific Pub­li­ca­tions in 2013, re­ceived the WINGS Worldquest Women of Discovery Sea Award and was also cho­sen for a BBC 100 Women award in 2018.

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