Daily Mirror (Sri Lanka)

WHAT IS TONGUE CAN­CER?

- DAILY MAIL Health · Pharmaceutical Industry · Cancer · Women's Health · Medicine · Industries · Health Conditions

Tongue can­cer is a form of head and neck can­cer.

Can­cer can de­velop in the oral tongue - the front two-thirds that is vis­i­ble when you poke your tongue out at some­one - which is classed as mouth can­cer.

Or it can start in the base of the tongue near the throat, which is a form of oropha­ryn­geal can­cer.

SYMP­TOMS MAY IN­CLUDE:

● Red or white patch that does not go away

● Per­sis­tent sore throat

● Ul­cer or lump on the tongue that does not ease

● Pain when swal­low­ing

● Numb­ness in the mouth

● Un­ex­plained bleed­ing

● Ear pain (this is rare)

Most head and neck can­cers have no clear cause, how­ever, smok­ing, ex­ces­sive drink­ing and the HPV virus are risk fac­tors.

Early can­cer (when the growth is smaller than 4cm and con­tained in the tongue) can be re­moved via surgery.

Ra­dio­ther­apy may also be re­quired.

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