Large-scale Viet­nam sur­vey shows 6.2 mil­lion peo­ple have dis­abil­i­ties

The Nation - - ASEANPLUS -

MORE THAN seven per cent of the pop­u­la­tion aged two years and older, or around 6.2 mil­lion peo­ple in Viet­nam, have a dis­abil­ity, ac­cord­ing to the first Na­tional Sur­vey on Peo­ple with Dis­abil­i­ties which was launched in Hanoi yes­ter­day.

Con­ducted by the Gen­eral Sta­tis­tics Of­fice (GSO) in 2016 and 2017 with tech­ni­cal as­sis­tance from Unicef, this sur­vey marked the first time that Viet­nam has un­der­taken a large-scale sur­vey us­ing tools based on in­ter­na­tional stan­dards on dis­abil­ity mea­sure­ment.

“The pur­pose of the sur­vey was to as­sess the dis­abil­ity sta­tus of the pop­u­la­tion, and to eval­u­ate their so­cioe­co­nomic con­di­tions to in­form ev­i­dence-based plan­ning and poli­cies for im­prov­ing the lives of adults and chil­dren with dis­abil­i­ties in Viet­nam,” said GSO deputy di­rec­tor Vu Thanh Liem.

The sur­vey found that dis­abil­ity is both a cause and a con­se­quence of poverty. Find­ings from the sur­vey show that house­holds with dis­abled mem­bers tend to be poorer than the na­tional av­er­age, and chil­dren with dis­abil­i­ties

at­tend school less and adults with dis­abil­i­ties are more likely to be un­em­ployed.

While they are cov­ered well by health in­sur­ance, and poverty does not ap­pear to be a bar­rier to ac­cess­ing health clin­ics, few per­sons with dis­abil­i­ties (2.3 per cent) use re­ha­bil­i­ta­tion ser­vices when sick or in­jured. Gaps also ex­ist in liv­ing stan­dards and the so­cial par­tic­i­pa­tion of peo­ple with dis­abil­i­ties.

The sur­vey high­lighted that the most com­mon type of im­pair­ment for chil­dren is psy­cho-so­cial re­lated. This is con­nected to the dif­fer­ent de­vel­op­ment stages of child­hood and ado­les­cence, and such im­pair­ments can act as a sig­nif­i­cant bar­rier to chil­dren’s so­cial in­clu­sion.

Viet­namese stu­dents learn to em­broi­der at Thua Thien-Hue Prov­ince Vo­ca­tional School for Peo­ple with Dis­abil­i­ties.

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