Large-scale Vietnam survey shows 6.2 million people have disabilities
MORE THAN seven per cent of the population aged two years and older, or around 6.2 million people in Vietnam, have a disability, according to the first National Survey on People with Disabilities which was launched in Hanoi yesterday.
Conducted by the General Statistics Office (GSO) in 2016 and 2017 with technical assistance from Unicef, this survey marked the first time that Vietnam has undertaken a large-scale survey using tools based on international standards on disability measurement.
“The purpose of the survey was to assess the disability status of the population, and to evaluate their socioeconomic conditions to inform evidence-based planning and policies for improving the lives of adults and children with disabilities in Vietnam,” said GSO deputy director Vu Thanh Liem.
The survey found that disability is both a cause and a consequence of poverty. Findings from the survey show that households with disabled members tend to be poorer than the national average, and children with disabilities
attend school less and adults with disabilities are more likely to be unemployed.
While they are covered well by health insurance, and poverty does not appear to be a barrier to accessing health clinics, few persons with disabilities (2.3 per cent) use rehabilitation services when sick or injured. Gaps also exist in living standards and the social participation of people with disabilities.
The survey highlighted that the most common type of impairment for children is psycho-social related. This is connected to the different development stages of childhood and adolescence, and such impairments can act as a significant barrier to children’s social inclusion.
Vietnamese students learn to embroider at Thua Thien-Hue Province Vocational School for People with Disabilities.